Analyzing the project management process for Doha Industrial Zone Expansion project
Table of Content
|– The Fourth Industrial Revolution||5|
|Research aims and objectives||6|
|Research approach and methodology||7|
|– Research design||7|
|– Data collection||8|
|– Data analysis and Outcomes||8|
|Research outline table||10|
During the second half of the twentieth century according to (Shaaban and Khalil, 2012), Qatar witnessed its first urbanization period, as it relied on oil and gas revenues as an essential source for the advancement of productive industrial sectors, since the beginning of the twenty-first century, the Qatar government has put in place multiple development strategies to advance the industrial sector and keep up with rapid technological development. Qatar National Vision “QNV” 2030 was one of the most significant strategies issued by the Qatar government in October 2008 as stated by (Shaaban and Khalil, 2012). QNV includes various sustaining development urban projects that provide high transformation for social, environmental, and economic life standards in Qatar. However, one of the most significant projects that are taking place in Qatar starting from the year 2021 is the Roads & Infrastructure Project – Doha Industrial Zone Packages held by the public authorities represented by Ashgal public company and awarded to Salfo Construction company (Salfo, 2020) and Boom-Construction company. The Project is considered a megaproject, located in the Doha Industrial Area of Qatar. It includes the construction of urban roadwork of a total length of 40 km, construction of a new sewerage network, power substations, new warehouses, and plot area for diversified plants, as well as smart networks for the management of circulation and telecommunications among others (Ashgal, 2021). The aim of this study is to highlight the importance of integrating modern sustainable and strategical practices such as wind energy and solar energy sources of power regarding packages of the project for the expansion of the Doha Industrial Zone. The novelty of the research is to combine leadership management skills and innovative approaches in managing and controlling the three phases of the project, that is, the “initial phase, implementation phase, and close-out phase”.
Qatar is currently experiencing great expansion in its economic activities according to a study done by (Authority, 2012). The Qatar National Vision 2030 report is based on four main pillars which must be adopted in any type of project in the country. These pillars are; development of all its people to enable them to sustain a prosperous society, development of a just and caring society based on high moral standards the capability of playing a significant role in the global partnership for development, development of a competitive and diversified economy capable of meeting the needs of securing a high standard of living for all its people for the present and the future, management of the environment such that there is harmony between economic growth, social development, and environmental protection (QNV, 2008). Several academic studies and investigations have been conducted to target the most critical factors in the success and failure factors of the construction and infrastructure projects, especially regarding Qatar construction and infrastructure projects (QNV, 2008).
Some scholars concluded that intrinsic motivators comparatively play a vital role for many workers in any project, and they should be properly utilized by the organization along with providing achievable goals to improve the motivation level (Momade and Hainin, 2019). Others have stressed that achieving sustainability-related targets in construction projects is increasingly becoming a key performance driver, hence there is a need for a systematic approach to engaging with stakeholders with high salience concerning sustainability (Bal, Bryde, Fearon and Ochieng, 2013). Thus, many scholars have argued concerning the success and failure factors of constructive mega projects in Qatar. For this reason, there is a need to demonstrate leadership skills for implementing the expansion of the Doha Industrial zone project in alignment with the sustainable economic, social, and environmental factors of the Qatar National Vision 2030. There is also a need to investigate the influence of stakeholder engagement to ensure interaction and collaboration between internal and external stakeholders of the project.
The fourth industrial revolution depends mainly on the latest technologies using automated machines, lowering the human efforts as well as figuring out the problem and solving it as well (Philbeck, 2018). The fourth industrial revolution started in 2016 and changed the whole concept of living (Li, 2017). The effects of this industrial revolution were reflected on various nations in terms of savings in muscular efforts and mental stability. The increased growth of this revolution had clear implications for the business sectors, governments and individuals (Li, 2017). There are various technologies of a fourth industrial revolution which include Artificial intelligence (AI), Blockchain Faster computer processing, virtual reality and augmented reality, biotechnology, Robotics, Internet of Things (IoT), and 3D printing (Rotatori, 2021). In Doha, many industries have been using technologies of the fourth industrial revolution. In the last decade, different technologies have been rarely used for automation. Qatar, specifically in Asian countries is growing fast in using technologies. They are using many technologies that were introduced in the fourth revolution (AlMaadeed, 2020). Qatar has been using robots since 2018 when they introduced three friendly robots and they were given specific names (Kashem, Jawed, Ahmed and Iqbal. 2018). An airport in Qatar, named Hamad International Airport (HIA) has been using these robots and there are various other technologies as well. There is the use of sensors through which the fake currencies and explosives can be detected.
The aerial taxi was a great invention in Qatar and it has several benefits as well. It was introduced in 2018 but is not in use yet (Al-Thawadi, 2019). However, it will soon be available to the people. Mobile connectivity was the great invention of the revolution but no one would have thought that the speed of the internet would be increasing so much. Qatar has introduced the latest technology of the 5G internet. People will be able to use this 5G technology in electric buses and aerial taxis as well and It will make access to the internet much easier thus people will get more benefits from it (Al-Shafi, 2008).
According to a study done by (El-Masri, 2017), various technologies have been introduced in Qatar to keep pace with the growing world but it still lagging behind other developed countries. However, Qatar still better than the other countries in Asia as per the study. Several steps need to be taken to advance the use of technology. Government and private companies are working on bringing automation to the country. The economy of the country and the unavailability of proper infrastructure are the main hurdles in this though Qatar is progressing well to overcome these hurdles.
Research aims and objectives
The research aims to investigate academically the influence of the concepts and implementation of innovation and leadership on reducing the threats and challenges that could be faced by the project sub-teams. The researcher demonstrates the most relevant and updated sustainability standards for planning, controlling, monitoring, and processes needed to coordinate between variable departments in establishing the expansion of the Doha Industrial Area. The study objectives include:
1- To identify and understand the innovation project management procedures for implementing and delivering the project of expansion of Doha Industrial Zone.
2- To demonstrate the importance of integrating advanced technological mechanisms in the initial phase, implementing phase, and close-out phase of the Expansion of the Doha Industrial Zone.
3- To determine the most relevant and updated sustainable standards and indicators for implementing the project efficiently.
4- To demonstrate the role of leadership management in improving various managerial procedures by the management department and sub-teams’ contractors.
5- To demonstrate the importance of stakeholder engagement in collaborating and ensuring successful delivery of the final product and services. These stakeholders include internal stakeholders (construction companies, employees, vendors, sub-contractors, middle-management teams) and with the external stakeholder (customers, governmental authorities, international standardized offices and organizations, local non-governmental organizations, etc.)
6- To detect the most significant international environmental and safety standards to be adopted in the three phases of the project to make the project goals meet the QNV sustainable strategical vision.
The author tries to prove that the application of international standards, and the high participation of multi-stakeholder efforts improve the environmental conditions of the industrial area, and improve the social conditions of internal and external stakeholders. The author also tries to link the development vision proposed by the Qatar state and the evidence of commitment and interaction together and its application in terms of technological development.
Research approach and methodology
– Research Design:
A summary of the key findings from literature reviews, surveys, and data collected from various studies concerning the industrial economic context will be gathered and analyzed to illustrate a clear study for how to apply project management principles. The research will also employ all the methods of data collection applicable from testing, interviewing to questionnaires and it can stretch experience, add strength to what is already known through the research done previously. The researcher will use Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBoK) as a major guide since it provides guidelines, define the project life cycle, project integration management, project scope, time, resources, and risk analysis. The PMBoK defines project management and related concepts, describes the project management life cycle and the related processes (PMBoK, 2008). A post positivist research design will be used in this research. The Post positivist research paradigm uses mainly quantitative methods and the aim is to create knowledge discovery and verification through direct observations or measurements of phenomena independent of the researchers (Creswell. Plano, Gutmann, Hanson, 2006).
A mixed methodology of the quantitative and qualitative methods will be applied in the research. More than 100 questionnaires will be distributed to various stakeholders of the project to collect data regarding the cost, budget estimated, duration, and various questions for the major skills that leader’s must-have for carrying out the project, this will ensure a well-planned project is implemented. such quantitative data allows examining the relationship between effective leadership and level of organization performance inside the project. A correlation statistical analysis will be followed to present the results of our investigation. The qualitative methodology will be used as well, where the author will collect qualitative data through interviews and questionnaires. In conclusion, the important aspects that the project should deliver is satisfying customer needs in the Qatar industrial market.
The author will collect data from internal and external stakeholders who are involved in the project and who are affected by its impact. As it was mentioned earlier, data will be collected through interviews and surveys distributed over decision-makers and employees working in the public sector including Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Ministry of Transport and Communication, Ministry of Municipality and Environment, Ministry of Interior, and the shura council in Qatar. Data collection will also involve private sectors including Qatar petroleum, Gulf Organization for Industrial Consulting, and several local non-governmental organizations and institutes.
Data analysis and reporting the findings
Available data sources will be analyzed using a content analysis approach. This analysis will be done by taking into account the accessibility to record the impact of the application of modern environmental and economic standards on the project (Luna-Reyes and Andersen, 2003), while highlighting the importance of preparing an integrated project that achieves a balance between technical accuracy and practical application to ensure continuous improvement. It will also involve organizing the project, activating the administrative performance, and applying the theories and recommendations adopted by the project management organization to provide an industrial market at a high level of readiness for small and medium-sized industrial enterprises. This is to encourage local and foreign investors to invest in the Qatar industrial market as a springboard to boost revenues, increase exports and support the economy Country.
Research outline table
|Tasks duration per weeks||April||May||June||July||August|
|identify research topic|
|prepare and submit a research proposal|
|receive proof of concept|
|meeting with the supervisor|
|prepare the literature review|
|feedback from the supervisor|
|Apply editions and corrections|
|design variant surveys|
|arrange meeting schedules with sample|
|conduct meeting with targeted sample|
|collect data from the candidates|
|second meeting with the supervisor|
|gather the data ana analyze it|
|write chapter one|
|third meeting with the supervisor|
|description for the project stages|
|write chapter 2|
|confirmation from the supervisor|
|prepare the data analysis gathered|
|write chapter 3|
|realize the outcomes and conclusion|
|confirm with the supervisor|
|make editions and corrections|
|review tables, figures and references|
|prepare the first draft of the thesis|
|confirm from the supervisor|
|prepare the final version of the thesis|
|submit the final version|
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