This is a research paper not a research project: no original research required.
A) Here you will begin a program of research from a premise/hypothesis, a hunch, or an interest and then research from that footing.
1) For our purposes, research papers can begin from a question to investigate, an hypothesis to investigate, or a statement to support, even an interest to pursue; whichever road you take you must provide facts and details out of authoritative sources and resources.
2) This is either a thesis and details paper that answers a question (Why don’t chickens survive in the wild?), leads to a conclusion (Chicken wrangling has untapped potential for making a living), or proves a thesis (Chickens do not survive in the wild because they are flightless), or it is a simple research paper that “looks at” something (the history of domestic chickens).
3) Research papers always attempt to provide balance: whatever you research, there will always be a variety of takes, points of view, and interpretations of facts, figures or details. You must address as much of this variety as possible.
4) Research papers never prove anything; at best they illustrate or support hypotheses or argue for the validity of assertions.
5) Conclusions in research papers are often speculative (This research suggests that. . .) and they never introduce new ideas, details, or topics.
B) Your papers will be 1000 (3-4 pages, 8 paragraphs). This requires a certain size of topic, so consider yours carefully. How do I focus a topic to fit the size of my paper? How many points/details do I need to provide? How many categories or organizing principles for classification (the first sentence in the box or group of boxes/the sentences that make up the body of your thesis paragraph)?
If absolutely necessary, this can be done quite mathematically: 8 paragraphs = 1 introduction and 1 conclusion + 6 paragraphs (approx. 18 pieces of evidence.).
This means a maximum of 6 categories or organizing principles for classification (controlling ideas supported by individual pieces of evidence), although you would be wise to have one category controlling a group of paragraphs (one class of paragraphs treating a single organizing principle: 3 categories, each controlling 2 paragraphs providing the details, or 3 controlling 3, etc); you will require, on average, 1-3 individual details/pieces of supporting evidence per paragraph (+ 25% your opinions and thesis). How broad or focused must my topic be to be fully (reasonably fully) explored within 2-6 controlling details and adequately supported by 18 pieces of evidence?
9 Thesis=the big idea
Controlling principle=a subsection of the big idea supporting the big idea
Details paragraph=a subsection of the controlling principle supporting the controlling principle and, therefore, the big idea. The details paragraph opens with a topic sentence that looks up to your thesis and down to the contents of it paragraph.
6 Individual details=a subsection of the details paragraph supporting the details paragraph and, therefore, the controlling principle and, therefore, the big idea. Every detail must clearly serve the topic sentence.
C) You will employ a minimum of 3 sources: at least one book, one peer-reviewed journal article, and one academic or authoritative internet resource (that is at least one of each: you can, of course, use as many of each as you choose). A single source can provide you with hundreds of pieces of supporting evidence. Once you have asserted your research’s credibility with adequate academic resources you may turn to other less-authoritative resources: blogs, newspapers etc.
D) You might want to do your research paper on some aspect of you current field of interest (your projected major); this will allow you to familiarize yourself with the parts of and places in the library and its systems containing information that will be of value to you in the near future.
E) You should not do this on a topic required in another class: to do so will make you susceptible to the allure of recycling.
Researching for Research Papers: Getting What You Want Out of Aether:
1) Go to the library and talk to the Research Librarian: tell her what you are interested in; ask for suggestions of productive ways to focus your ideas; ask her where to look for what you need in online resources.
2) Go to UVic’s library web site, and play around.
3) Search library databases.
Citation and Plagiarism:
This is an academic research paper, and, therefore, you have all the responsibilities of a scholar when writing it. You must cite every fact, figure, and detail, and you must cite them correctly. To not do so is PLAGIARISM. You are allowed little errors in parenthetic and bibliographic style, but if you do not introduce your authorities, use quotation marks when quoting directly, provide proper parenthetic citation after every detail you use, and produce an exhaustive Bibliography, you will have plagiarized, and you will be prosecuted for it.
REMEMBER: academic writing is a discourse; as a writer, you are entering that discourse, and you have a responsibility to allow others to enter it with you. This is where exhaustive citation comes in. APA style hates direct quotation and citing by page numbers; MLA insists upon both. But, then, APA doesn’t want you to write research essays constructed from secondary resources; MLA does. The result of all this is that I will strongly recommend that you use MLA citation style for your research essay. If you insist on using APA, understand that I will still expect that you cite every fact, figure, and detail, whether direct quotes or not, by page or paragraph number.
Your research essay will open with a proper Introduction: it will start with a hook, that interesting fact, anecdote, or detail that catches your reader’s attention; next comes a sentence or two providing any necessary background to bring your reader up to speed (be sure it is necessary); following this, you will proved a clear research thesis, which states that this is research and provides your purpose (argue, review, discuss, look at, etc) and subject; then either as a continuation of your thesis sentence or as one or more separate sentences, you will provide a three-point path statement that sets out your organizing principle (the three main points of discussion) in the order you treat them in the essay to follow; you will close this paragraph with a conclusion, a discursive statement of that with which you hope your reader leaver you essay (your topic not your essay should be the subject of this sentence).
RESEARCH TOPIC SENTENCES
As with all topic sentences, those for research must state exactly what their paragraph will accomplish. Think of them as the thesis statements for your paragraphs, as such they must be comprehensive – telling me every substantive move this paragraph will make, as well as refusing entry to any moves they have not mentioned. These are part of your 25%, so they are not the place for quotes or any detail that needs citation. The idea is that anything you say here will be backed up within the paragraph. Every one of your body paragraphs must begin with a perfect specimen of a research topic sentence.
Every paragraph need one topic sentence, it has to be your own words. Can not be cites.
Each paragraph need 75% citation (3 citations needed)and 25% own opinion about those (including topic sentence), see the example document.
At least 6 body paragraphs, each one is about 100-150 words. Don’t less than 950 words, and no more than 1050 words.
Please use at least 3 of the sources that she provided.
This is suppose to be a paper written by an international student, so please try to use easy-to-understand vocabularies and sentence pattern. Like the two paragraph she already done. If there’s any gramma mistake, correct it for her.
Write an attractive research paper title.
APA or MLA style, if any mistake please correct for he.
Peer review check list
——here is teacher’s requirement————————————
English 135 Research Essay (1000 Words = 25%):