In his/her introduction, the writer should be incorporating what “they say” by situating his/her paper as a response to a preexisting conversation. He/she should also make it clear to whom his/her argument matters (“Who cares?”) and why (“So what?). Finally, the writer should provide a clear statement of his/her central claim and its supporting reasons.
· Are all these elements clear to you? If yes, state these elements. For example, what is the situation? What is the writer’s position? What is his/her central claim?
· If all the elements are not present, suggest some options for how the writer might go about satisfying these elements of the assignment.
The writer should clearly state his/her reasons at the beginning of every section of support, then provide ample evidence to support those claims in the form of specific examples, details, observations, reasoning, etc.
· Does the writer provide enough evidence to convince you that his/her reasons are true? If yes, what evidence is presented to persuade you of the writer’s claims?
· If not, describe what sort of evidence the writer would need to provide in order to convince you.
At some point the writer should name an opponent, represent their argument fully and fairly, make concessions that show areas of agreement, and then respond with his/her own rebuttal.
· Are all these moves made clearly and effectively? If yes, what counterargument is presented and how is it refuted?
· If not, suggest some options for how the writer might go about improving any or all of the moves by which they respond to an opponent.
For the concluding paragraph, the writer should reassert his/her central claim and summarize why his/her position is sound or perhaps even more reasonable than possible opponents. Ultimately, it should persuade readers to agree with the writer’s position.
· Does the writer provide a compelling conclusion to his/her? If yes, what makes the writer’s conclusion persuasive?
· If not, what might the writer do to influence his/her audience?