Cal History, Spirit, and Traditions DeCal
Midterm Study Guide
Recall the following points from lectures and readings. You do not need to memorize all the details, just make sure you can recall major events and their significance.
Lecture 1: Hanna Hitchcock and Megan Wiener: General History of UC Berkeley
· Founding: Founder’s Rock, the College of California, Henry Durant, and Charter Day. Remember the merger of the College of California with the Agricultural, Mining, and Mechanical Arts College via the Organic Act. Charter Day was March 23, 1868. The 12 founders of the University named the campus “Berkeley” after Bishop George Berkeley, after being inspired by his poem “Westward the Course of Empire Takes its Way”.
· Official school colors: Yalesian blue and gold, chosen by Rebekah Bragg, class of 1876. Recall why these colors were chosen.
· The Golden Bear: the mascot was chosen after the UC track team returned successful after competing out of state in 1895.
· Campus Development: Benjamin Ide Wheeler was University President from 1899-1919. He grew the size of student body and hired many well-regarded faculty. John Galen Howard was hired as Campus Architect in 1901 and left a lasting impression on the University by designing many famous buildings on campus, the most recognizable being Sather Tower (or the Campanile).
· Cal Football: Andy Smith, Lynn “Pappy” Waldorf”, Pappy statue.
· Rivalry with Stanford: Stanford Axe (theft and re-theft), the Big Game, Bonfire Rally, the Play (1982).
· Traditions: The Big C, the California Victory Cannon, Card Stunts, and the Fiat Lux Torch.
· The Free Speech Movement: Efforts of Mario Savio and Jack Weinberg (among many others) to answer calls for student input on campus, national, and international events. Lasting effects on campus today.
· 150th anniversary of Charter Day (sesquicentennial).
Lecture 2: UC Men’s Octet: A cappella at Berkeley
· Eight member a cappella singing group founded in 1948.
· Perform on Sproul Plaza every Wednesday at 1pm.
· The group has performed around the world, touring in the United States, Europe, Australia, Indonesia, and China.
· Perform a wide repertoire of barbershop, contemporary pop, Cal fight songs, and more.
· Cal fight songs include: Fight for California, Big C, Sons of California, Golden Bear, All Hail Blue and Gold, Toast to California, Hail to California, Stanford Jonah, etc.
Lecture 3: Chancellor Robert Birgeneau: Campus Finances
· State disinvestment puts public higher education at risk: Decline in Berkeley’s state funding from 52% state support in 1981 to 10% support in 2011.
· Berkeley state funding in 2011-2012: $590 million compact with the governor, but only $240 million received.
· Primary sources of funding have changed from majority state support to majority federal research funding, philanthropy, and tuition.
· The Lincoln Project was a project taken on by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences that examined the state general fund expenditures across the nation by category (which saw a huge drop in funding for schools and a huge increase for state corrections/incarceration).
· Pell Grant Expenditure per Pell Recipient relatively consistent across all 50 states, as opposed to a huge drop off in state grant aid expenditure (in other words, there is more federal funding for need-based aid provided than state funding).
· 79% of graduates have debt under $30,000.
· Low-income students are twice as likely to attend public universities with little or no research, but the net price of attending a public university is independent of the preeminence of the university.
Lecture 4: Meagan and Ernest Owusu: Cal Athletics
· The Blue Collar – Gold Swagger motto.
· Unique culture of hard work and greatness – students define Cal.
· Importance of support: Cal Band, Rally Committee, fans.
· Cal athletes advantaged by receiving a prestigious degree and by competing against the best opponents in the best stadium/facilities.
Lecture 5: Dean Joseph Greenwell: Dean of Students
· Associate Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs and Dean of Students
· Dean Greenwell’s responsibilities extend to the ASUC Student Union (including the LEAD Center), Berkeley Cares, the Career Center, the Center for Student Conduct, the Office of New Student Services, the Public Service Center, the Office of Sexual Assault Prevention and Student Advocacy, and Student Legal Services.
· Dean Greenwell served as Dean of Students at San Francisco State University, having previously worked at Stanford University, Colgate University, and Vanderbilt University. Has a masters degree in Higher Education, a dual bachelors degree in Psychology and Music, as well as a doctorate in Education from Vanderbilt.
Lecture 6: Professor Nadesan Permaul and Alexander Wilfert: ASUC
· University based on the “German Model”, academic resources funded by the state, all other funds provided by users.
· 1887 – Associated Students of the University of California founded to control Harmon Gym, field days, athletics. etc. Managed “The Joint” in North Hall (until it burned down) and the Daily Cal until 1971. Absorbed the Cal Band in the 1920s (Cal Band no longer under ASUC, now independent).
· Move from Quarter System to Semester System doomed the ASUC financially. Legal agreement signed between the ASUC and University to resolve their ongoing conflict in the 1990s.
· ASUC responsible for successful projects such as the B.E.A.R.S. initiative and Wellness Referendum Fee. ASUC spearheaded the creation of modern MLK Student Union and new Eshleman Hall.
Lecture 7: Professor Margaretta Lovell: Campus Architecture
· The first buildings on campus were North Hall and South Hall, both built in 1873. North Hall was demolished due to fire hazard concerns but South Hall still stands today.
· In 1901, John Galen Howard was hired as campus architect and left a lasting impression on the physical character of the university with his Beaux-Arts/Classical Revival architectural style. Sather Tower, California Memorial Stadium, Greek Theatre, Doe Memorial Library, Hearst Memorial Mining Building, Sather Gate.
· Sather Tower (Campanile) was modeled after St. Mark’s Campanile in Venice, and was completed in 1915.
· California Memorial Stadium was completed in 1923 and sits on the Hayward Fault line.
· The Hearst Greek Theatre was completed in 1903 with its primary purpose being for student use.
· The whole orientation of campus was designed in French style, but this was ruined by Evans Hall’s placement in the Hearst Mining Circle.
Lecture 8: Mal Pacheco: Oski
· Precursors to Oski. The California Bear Revolt prior to statehood, the Intercollegiate Track Meet in 1895 where the Golden Bear flag first debuted, and the Oski Yell.
· Daily Cal Art Editor Warrington Colescott’s renditions of Oski the Bear, pining for his love, Rosie Bowl.
· William “Rocky” Rockwell- first man to play Oski, physical debut in 1941 against St. Mary’s. Shy in person, but had a whole different personality under the costume.
· Oski’s traditions: secrecy, the walk, drinking through his eye, ASUC’s attempt to overhaul appearance.
Reading 1: Ferrier, The Development After Fifty Years
· Fifty-year anniversary celebration postponed due to WWI. (1918 is the semicentury year)
· Professors from University of Missouri, The Imperial University (Japan), Stanford University, University of Chicago, and Princeton University were in California for festivities.
· Stenography and typing were taught in Wheeler Hall, while Hilgard Hall was part of the College of Agriculture.
· President Wheeler retires in 1919 after 20 years of service. “It has proved good to be here.” Professor David Prescott Barrows from the PoliSci department would be his successor.
· “The Argonaut” issue- speculations about President Barrows’ resignation in 1922. “Keep President Barrows” chant. After the Regents accept his resignation, William Wallace Campbell, an astronomer, was chosen as next president.
· “Henry Morse Stephens Memorial Hall” dedicated 1923 by English Professor Charles Mills Gayley. Memorial Stadium, LeConte Hall, Haviland Hall, Hearst Memorial Gym, and Bowles Hall all started or completed during this period. UCLA and Alumni Association started.
Reading 2: Wheeler, The Abundant Life
· Role of the Undergraduate Student Affairs Committee: Harmony or tension between Student Committee, Faculty Committee, and President Wheeler.
· Student Committee led by members of the senior class.
· Membership of committees and boards is entirely student-based.
· Student Government must be transparent about its dealings.
· Public opinion must be accounted for.
· A small caseload for the Committee indicates a positive influence.
· Committee looks more like a family counsel and less like a legal system.
· Student Committee is involved with other cases besides punishment.
· Affairs of the committee may be addressed with faculty.
· Practical start to student government: Jim Whipple Incident, 1899
· Wheeler’s educational influence from Greece, England, and Germany.
· Wheeler’s three main pillars of any University- it should provide
· Freedom from ignorance
· Freedom from prejudice, routine, and rule-of-thumb