cause of domestic violence.
Describe and evaluate the various theories on the cause of domestic violence.
Family needs a maximum degree of behavioral manners for a smooth relation just like the community. A man’s character is at times hard to tell and maybe biased from time to time making it difficult to forecast, even by partaking actions that go with their social status and by honoring the most family and societal values, thereby making family and societies function in a civilized manner. When people within the family or society do not follow the set rules and regulations, it results in violence against their partners more so the female gender. Violence on women is found not only in several low-income households within a given society but also in the high-income households (Jackson, 2008). It is very difficult to find a family that has no problems with regard to domestic violence that targets the female gender. The cause of domestic violence varies from family to family, society to society, culture to culture, and religion to religion but in most scenarios, men have carried themselves out in such a manner portraying them as the superior in the family.
Since the early years theorists and scholars have invested much in finding out on the ever-spreading grievance of domestic violence that majorly affects female gender across religion, race, ethics, and socio-economic lines (Klein, 2009). This research paper seeks to find and address the reasons that lead to violence and came up with theories that give an insight of domestic violence. There are different theories providing an insight into domestic violence but the theories do not provide a full reason for violence against the female gender. The theories include; Feminist theory;
The theoretic notion of feminist started during the vigorous women movement for political positions in the 1970s. The main goal of the feminist proponents is to have a better knowledge of female gender oppression with regards to class, race, and sexual desires from the male gender. Proponents assert that domestic violence is largely defined as man’s oppression and coercion within a household, insinuating that domestic violence is an intuitional structural violence (Klein, 2009). Bride price associated with cruelty, rape, sexual assault, and women infanticide are other types of violence that female gender undergoes characterized by a simple goal of a man showing his power.
Feminist theory proponents subscribe to the idea of total equality between men and women in virtually all sectors and societal platforms. It is geared towards bringing to an end the male-controlled domination and majorly seeks to bring to an end women subjugation and abuse in the family setting and the other societal sectors (Klein, 2009). Feminist theory advocates argue that domestic violence is a depiction of an unbalanced power relationship between women and men in the society. Further asserting that domestic violence is a structural and methodical technique of patriarchal dominance of women that is basically made on man superiority and woman inferiority, uncivilized gender-based duties, male political dominance, and socio-economic dominance. Researchers assert that in most cases violence erupts in the family setting because the man wants to assert and maintain his dominance and powers within the family and acts violently when he feels challenged, insinuating that man uses violence as a gadget to maintain social structure within the family and in the society as a whole.
An important factor in any critical examination of domestic violence on women is anchored on gender. Cruelty on women insinuate that once gender plays a critical role in the societal operation system. It means that depending on one gender the society has made up individual functions, conducts, and prospects that are attributed to women and men (Klein, 2009)
. Society teachings on man’s association with dominance also contribute to domestic violence. The interpersonal structural violence created teaching men dominance, virility, strength, superiority, masculinity, and power and weakness, submissiveness, inferiority, and passivity in women contributes a lot in gender-based violence.
Family system theory
Family is the most significant institution in the determination of a person’s character. The family provides both social connection and environment at large and also fixes an individual character with the larger society. There is a notion that societal surrounding influences a kinds of character, response, and attitude towards his/her day to day encounters (E, 2005). Proponents of family system theory assert that social environment and the immediate family plays a critical part in creating a violent character in a person or not. The family system theory categorizes violence under generic factors, together with hormonal aspects, the social status of an individual, and the character of an individual.
The theory asserts that domestic violence erupts as a result of misinterpretation of once actions and statements, financial problems and stress, too much expectation, and noncompliance. Violence is also generic as it can follow characters like jealousy, suspicion, aggressive tendencies, and immaturity. All the causes of domestic violence have their source in the family, insinuating that violence can be cultured by kids from their parents who used violence to assert his powers and authority (E, 2005). Family system theory depicts women as victims of interpersonal institutional violence. The family system based on the underlying grounds of hierarchical system and division of labor with regards to gender provides a good environment for cultivating domestic violence, which will later be applied as a way of regulating and maintaining of family command, enduring that the man still dominates over the female.