With the vigorously growing menace of nutritional related problems like obesity, the
recently focused research concentrates on the family and the children pattern in terms of their
eating behavior and the pattern. The related nutritional research has shown that the eating
behaviors of children are influenced by various aspects like the environment and their
physical behavior. The physical element research claimed that children eat what are within
their reach and what they can easily assess, intriguingly they are likely to take a considerable
amount of its portion (Hoorweg, 2013). Besides, the social influence which emanates from
the socioeconomic the varied cultural backgrounds are the paramount aspects like; the
ethnicity influence, the general parental care, and the time restricting and constrains are the
significant factors that determined what the children eat.
Furthermore, daily family programmers like mealtime and family time like partaking
of a meal together, watching a TV together, and a primary source of food to a family can
profoundly influence the eating habit of children. Research indicates that the children are
imitative and inquisitive; therefore, the eating behaviors of a parent also contribute to the
eating behavior of the children. Therefore, the informative and transformative health
interventions tailored to improve the children's nutritional requirements ought to be put in
place to address the physical and the influential social behaviors of the children.
The Reviewed Interventions
The Children’s Preferences and Taste
It should be noted that the children yearn and eat what they can assess. Research
indicates that the food acceptance and the nutritional pattern is developed as early two years
of age in the children hence the childhood is the appropriate time to inculcate the food
acceptance and pattern of eating behavior According to the psychologist Ivan Petrovich
Pavlov’s theory of the conditioned reflex action, it claims that when a particular behavior is
repeated regularly, and in close succession, it will be registered in the brain and it remains a
repeated behavior. The appropriate setting to initiate and administer this particular
intervention is during the family meals, a variety of food ranging from the fruit to other
nutritious food. This will not only help to build the culture of the appropriate eating pattern
but also help the children to grow with the tendency of accepting various food. Furthermore,
in the caption of the food preferences is well expounded in the relevant concept of Rosin’s
where it talks about the food neophobia. According to this concept, it claims that food
neophobia is an apt indicator of fruits and vegetable intake (Mick, Pettigrew and
Pechmann, 2012). Therefore, children who have little accessibility to a variety of are likely to
have a comparatively low fruit and vegetable intake. The research has shown that the
meticulous and the appropriate way to establish food preference for children is by exposing
them to a variety of food.
It is reliably true that the parents are the most fundamental and influential models of
their children’s health-related beliefs and general behavior. Nonetheless, they are not the only
modelers of the eating behavior of the children. Research establishes that their peers
influence children’s eating patterns and behavior. Freud Sigmund, on his theory of child
development, he claims that children learn and imitate what they see in their environment and
their interactions with peers. Also, the Birch concept on the preschool claims that children
like uniformity in terms of what they eat with age mates as a form of competition among the
children. Adolescent is the most considered the most influential in terms of food preferences
and eating behavior. The appropriate setting to administer this health intervention is the
school setting. This is where most of the children imitate a lot from one another. The research
done on the adolescent peers indicates that the three-high consumption of food rich in fats
and protein among this impressive group, hence peer pressure is the appropriate predictor and
the indicator of desirable food preferences among the children.
The Availability and Accessibility of Food
More often than not, children like eating food that they eat most of the time and the
food that is preferably available at home most of the time. For instance, if the available food
is the fruits, they always tend to develop the tendency to eat more fruits than any other food.
The relevant modes, in this case, are the dieting mothers who take the lead to not only avail
the variety of food but also showing them how to balance them appropriately. This health
intervention can candidly suit the mealtime setting. Regular availability of a variety of food
during meal time enables al child to develop a likeability of variety of food hence the right
food preference. The various concepts of food and nutrition claim that, apart from the
availability and accessibility, the food should be of high quality. Baranowski, claims that the
availability and the accessibility of edible fruits among the school children are very high
regardless of their quality.
The Cultural and the Parent’s Preferences
Considering the children’s preferences and eating behavior, the parent is the most
forerunners and role models. The nutritional and food-related knowledge of children is, in
most cases, from their parents. According to research on the nutritional concept, children at
the age of two to three entirely associate their eating habits and the food preference with their
mother’s. This behavior is attributed to the fact, most of the mothers keep the food of their
preference around them, in turn, the children at this age associate them. The most appropriate
setting by which this intervention functional is during home setting where parents fully
interact with their mothers most of the time. According to Dennison, the mothers who like
and keep the whole milk as the primary source of their calcium and other minerals are likely
to have healthier and robust children.
Comparison and the Discussion
These general health interventions seen are to enable the general group of people and
specifically the children to improve their nutritional health. Therefore, some of the used
methods in and the strategies used in this health promotion intervention are like role
modelling, especially by using the setup groups of experienced families, promoting health
behavior by demonstrating and the sensitization of the community about health behavior.
Comparatively, the three health’s interventional methods are interrelated in that they all
provide the empirical evidence on the importance of these interventions. For instance, role
modelling using experienced mothers and the sensitization of the community widen the
knowledge on the various methods of inculcating a good eating behavior pattern (Mick,
Pettigrew and Pechmann, 2012). This process can be done by targeting the group of children,
and the dieting mothers in their respecting settings.
As part of the interventional health strategy, discussing and demonstrating this health
intervention immensely helps to improve the implementation of these health’s nutritional
health promotion among the targeted groups. Demonstration can best be done with the school
children as part of their learning in the school. For instance, a demonstration can be done
targeting the importance of eating a lot of fruits and the vegetable in comparison to eating
food rich in fats. A child, therefore, will grow having the already change attitude on the
importance of fruits and vegetables. Consequently, the three strategies, if well examined and
evaluated, these particular health promotional interventions, boost the awareness of the
general health of children.
For the certainty of the effectiveness of the mentioned health promotional
interventions, the appropriate evaluation was done. This process of determining the
effectiveness of the intervention was evaluated using the four closely related evaluation
methods. The formative evaluation, the process evaluation, and the impact evaluation were
used. Formative evaluations were tailored to ascertain the effectiveness of this intervention in
providing appropriate information on the nutritional health program. This type of evaluation
was administered on the target pollution (children) to fully gain the full information on the
effectiveness of these interventions (Tan, 2019). The process evaluation, on the other hand,
was meant to assess the quality of the mentioned health interventions. The quality was
evaluated in terms extend to which the mentioned intervention reaches in transforming the
nutritional program. On the other hand, the impact evaluation was purposed to assess the
effect of the health intervention on the target group. For instance, the target group, in this
case, was the children and the peers. Comparatively, the three types of evaluation used to
function in an interrelated manner such that one evaluation leads to the other.
The interventions outcomes and limitations on this nutritional program were also
notable. Some of the probable effects were the improvement of the general dietary health of
children, a drastic change in the attitude towards varieties of various foods among children,
and the significant prevention of nutrition-related diseases. Due to the appropriate
sensitization and the well-explained interventions lead to this positive outcome. However, the
consequences of the interventions experience some limitations (Nugent and
Vitale, 2017). The significant cultural influence on food preferences and eating habit among
the children were immensely felt. These habits that are culturally inculcated were challenging
to be replaced by these various health interventional programs. For instance, some children
and firmly believed in the importance of a given food than other nutritious food; hence
replacing them was a challenge.
Hoorweg., 2013. undefined. Routledge.
Mick, D. G., Pettigrew, S., and Pecmann, C. 2012. undefined. Routledge.
Nugent, P. M., and Vitale, B. A. 2017. Fundamentals Davis essential nursing content +
practice questions. F.A. Davis.
Tan, J., 2019. Adaptive Health Management Information Systems. Jones & Bartlett Learning.