Directions for writing an annotated bibliography
Write an annotated bibliography for each source you plan to use for your research paper. Your annotated bibliography for each source will start with a full citation for that source in MLA format; this will be followed by your original description of the source in 3-7 sentences. Your description must describe the information in the source and tell how this source relates to your other research (for example, does this source contradict information from your main article?) Make sure you save your annotated bibliographies in an MLA format document, with your name in the upper left-hand corner of the document.
You will need to refer to section 52f in The Bedford Handbook (9th ed.) “Construct an Annotated Bibliography” for the format, directions, and Writing Guide on how to prepare your annotated bibliography.
The annotated bibliography is a record of your research-in-progress, so it should contain the sources you have found so far for your final research paper. This is one of the few assignments that does not involve writing part of the research paper itself. It is crucial to your research process, nonetheless, because it helps you (and your instructor) see how the research you have found so far all fits together, and makes it easier to see what other research may be useful for your paper.
Sample annotated bibliography entry:
Research Paper Packet ENC 1102 Noonan 19
13 February 2013
Full citation for source in MLA format; this citation will become the works cited entry for this source later on your Works Cited page
Summary of this source – main argument, important points; give your evaluation of the source
Last 1-2 sentences describes how this source fits in with your other research
7. Quote Sandwich Directions:
Please note: the ‘Quote Sandwich’ is a model of how to set up the ‘research comparison’ section which will be part of the final research paper’s Analysis section. (Please refer to the Research Paper Outline .)
Set-up a comparison of one point from your main article to a related point in your research. (You will have to do this for 3-4 points from your article, using at least 4 sources, but this example is meant to be a model for you to follow in your paper.) You will need: a) the passage you are quoting or paraphrasing from your article, b) the passage you are quoting or paraphrasing from one of your research sources. Here’s what this comparison section should look like in the Analysis section of your research paper —
1) Introduce Point 1 from your article (give us some context- who is the author, and what is he/she discussing in this passage?)
2) Give Quote 1 or Paraphrase 1 from your main article and cite it in MLA format
3) Explain Quote/Paraphrase 1 – how does this fit into your paper?
4) Write a connecting sentence to connect this first sandwich (1-3) to the next sandwich (5-7) for a quote from one of your sources
5) Introduce to Point 1 from your source (give us some context- who is the author, and what is he/she discussing in this passage?)
6) Give Quote 1 or Paraphrase 1 from your source and cite it in MLA format
7) Explain Quote/Paraphrase 1 from the source- how does this fit into your paper?
8) Now explain how the Quote/Paraphrase from your source relates to the Quote/Paraphrase from your main article (does it make the argument in your article sound strong or weak? is it just giving some additional info?)
This combination of two quote sandwiches is the model for setting up each point of comparison between your main article and your other sources.
You are responsible for reading the Quote Sandwich explanation and examples found in They Say/I Say Chapter 3 “The Art of Quoting”, which is posted in the Quote Sandwich folder in Blackboard. Please refer to the reading, especially the template patterns at the end of the chapter, for help writing your quote sandwiches. You are also responsible for reading the explanation and rules for MLA format in-text citations, found in section 56 in The Bedford Handbook (9th ed.). Also refer to section 55 on “Integrating Sources.”