DISSERTATION OUTLINE ROUGH DRAFT
The introduction provides synthesized description on the research problem or research
question and lays out the reasoning behind it. Here, the reasoning is usually called a theoretical
argument or analysis. It justifies the study, and provides a critical information which helps the
researcher to understand, explain and provides ffurther description an educational phenomenon.
In this case,
i. Background Information
It will contain the general description of the area of concern. The global health system is
such tormenting; however, much placement and considerations have not been implemented to
control the increasing case of deadly diseases. Over the decades, a considerable number of
disease and ailments affects human life. The regularity of these deadly pandemics continues to
impact health care systems negatively. For instance, the outbreak of Spanish flue in the past
century diminished population growth and economic developments. Beyond the measures to
curb these diseases, the world today experiences a massive increase of population suffering from
Coronavirus 2019 (COVID19). The outbreak of this deadly pandemic is a global outstretch that
has affected the continent. Although some mechanisms have been devised in regards to its
spread, controlling its spread is a nightmare due to the increasing number of patients globally.
ii. Significance of the Problem.
In this section, I will discuss the following: –
a. The explicit statement of significance specific to the topic of research or study
b. The importance of conducting the study-
c. This section will short and clear, highlighting the major concerns in the health sector,
including a powerful description of the spread of the pandemic.
d. What theoretical/practical reasons are there for wanting to know the answers to the
iii. Analyze the Theoretical Framework of the Study
i. This section includes the organization of the variables that will be considered to answer
the research questions. They must have a theoretical background in relation to research
topic. have a theoretical basis.
ii. Explicate how different and appropriate theoretical perspectives assists in qualifying the
study. Competing theoretical approaches should be analyzed and discussed in Chapter 2
iii. Relatively, it includes the theoretical definitions of important terms and the constructs
iv. Problem Statement
i. In this part, I will discuss the statement of the purpose explicitly and succinctly.
ii. The introduction must lead to and support problem statement in the paper.
v. Research Questions
i. All research proposals and dissertations must have a few research questions, with a
number of hypotheses for each.
ii. The operationalization of variables in this section is not allowed instead, I will use the
theoretical questions and hypotheses written based on the construct language.
A research question should include:
a) be in the form of a question,
b) suggest a relationship among constructs, and
c) be empirically testable.
d) Hhypotheses are declarative statements written in the expected or predicted direction
(usually an alternate hypothesis). The hypotheses are called research, scientific, or
theoretical hypotheses and are written in the present tense.
This chapter reviews what has already been written in the field on the topic of the research. The
literature cited should support the theoretical argument being made and demonstrate that the
author has a grasp of the major ideas and findings that pertain to his or her topic.
I. Historical Background
i. Put things in perspective. This is more than just a chronology and does not necessarily
have to include every detail since day one.
ii. What are the major issues, controversies, etc. that impact your study? Include background
on all relevant variables.
II. Theory Relevant to Research Questions/Hypotheses.
i. What theoretical models/perspectives inform your research?
ii. Compare and contrast competing theories and justify the theoretical foundation of the
iii. Describe how the theoretical foundation of the dissertation applies to the problem.
III. Current Empirical Literature Relevant to Research Questions/Hypotheses
This section includes
i. Literature relating to individual variables during the research
ii. Literature relating to specific combination of variables (specifically examine background
and relevant background literature as shown in Figure 4.1) relevant to the dissertation
iii. It should accommodate more than a listing of studies. What common thread binds them
together? Use transitions to effectively tie one section with another.
iv. Incorporate discussion of strengths/weaknesses of methodology in previous studies and
which you are building on, this is done to improve your research analysis.
v. I will use headings and subheadings to organize this section. This section should be
reflective of deductive reasoning and ensure it focuses on the subjective chapters.
The methodology chapter provide sufficient detail about the methodology used that the study
could be replicated. Sections in a Methodology chapter include the following: participants,
instruments, materials, procedure, and analysis.
i. Include general description of the research design in accepted terminology (e.g., Cook &
Campbell, 1979; Kirk, 1982). Include possible threats to internal and external validity of
the design the researcher decided to use
ii. I will present a list of independent and dependent variables and their operational
iii. It is often useful to include a diagram/figure of the design.
i. Procedures should be in sufficient detail, that a reader could replicate the study if so
ii. If a survey is used, the method of collecting data, the rate of return, and description of the
procedures used in follow up and a description of the non-responders should be provided.
iii. Copies of materials used in intervention, etc. should be included in an appendix.
i. Restate each research question and hypothesis identified in the study.
ii. Each hypothesis should be followed the statistical analysis and must address each
iii. It includes a brief description, the assumptions based on the statistical analysis the
researcher will test and rationale for each statistical technique used
iv. State alpha levels to be used in determine statistical significancee of the research
This chapter presents the results of the conducted analyses. It is done according to the research
questions, and any results of further analyses; those which were not necessary for the research
but was carried out. Results should be presented with no interpretation since the interpretation is
reserved for discussion in the next chapter.
Order of Presentation for Nomothetic Studies
i. Descriptive Statistics (includes means, standard deviations, frequencies, etc. for all
variables in the study)
ii. Preliminary Statistical Analyses (correlation matrices, etc.)
iii. Statistical analyses to answer research questions/hypotheses.
iv. Note: for single-subject, small n, and qualitative studies develop the order of presentation
with the dissertation chair.
i. It is used to Answer Research Questions/Hypotheses.
ii. Use questions/hypotheses as an outline to organize results.
iii. Further, the question/hypothesis should be restated followed by the results of the tests of
assumptions and then by the data analyses which provide answers to that
question/hypothesis. Report statistical power of the test and effect sizes.
In this chapter, the rresults are interpreted with respect to the research questions and discussed in
line with other literature. Limitations of interpretation and implications for further research may
can also be represented
i. Summarize results briefly.
ii. Discuss results in non-statistical terms. Answer the research question and hypothesis
accordingly to meet the research expectation.
iii. Organize the subheadings and discuss the implications of the results obtained.
iv. I will integrate the results with the theoretical framework and the critical literature
I will include recommendations for future research and through this, I will provide a specific
guidance on the dissertation and finds how the research question relates to the theoretical extant
and empirical findings. Finally, I will explain why the proposed research needs and the pattern it