Doctoral Study Prospectus Guide!
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DBA Doctoral Study
For internal use only.
155 Fifth Avenue South, Suite 100
Minneapolis, MN 55401
Walden University is accredited by The Higher Learning Commission and
a member of the North Central
Association, www.ncahlc.org; 1-312-263-0456.
© 2013 Walden University, LLC
The DBA Doctoral Study Prospectus consists of several detailed small sections. A sample prospectus is in the appendix. The goal for the prospectus is to create a plan for developing your doctoral study proposal. Therefore, you need to have some detailed information for the prospectus, but you do not need to know all the specific details of the study that you will ultimately conduct. For example, you may identify employee satisfaction as a variable of the study, but at this point, you do not yet need to identify the instrument that you plan to use to measure the variable.
Each research project is different, and because this outline is general, reviewers often ask to include additional information in your prospectus. For example, feasibility is one criterion for evaluating your prospectus, and if you are considering a unique sample group, your committee may ask you to explore that aspect in more detail before moving forward.
The DBA Doctoral Study Prospectus will follow APA 6th edition guidelines and formatted as .doc or. docx file. As you work on the document, also review the tools available on the CRQ website, the Doctoral Capstone Research Guide, DDBA Doctoral Study Template, and Doctoral Study Rubric. Appendices A, B and C contain an annotated outline, sample “quantitative” prospectus, and Prospectus Rubric, respectively. Appendix D is a graphical depiction of a three-step formula for “qualitative” business problem alignment.
Students will work with their chair in DDBA 8100, Doctoral Study Mentoring, to complete the prospectus. You will use the example Prospectus (Appendix A) as a guide and template; there is no other official Prospectus template. Students should aim to have an approved Prospectus by the end of their 3rd DDBA 8100 course. As is the case for the proposal and doctoral study, for which you will receive feedback on working drafts, prospectus development is an iterative process. Committee members will use the Prospectus Rubric (Appendix C) to evaluate the Prospectus. Follow the submission guidelines identified in the course submission instructions.
The recommended title of the business study should not exceed 12 words to include the topic, the variables and relationship between them (quantitative studies), and the most critical keywords. Double-space the title if over one line of type and center it under the word Prospectus.
Include your name, your program of study (and specialization if applicable) and Banner ID Number, double-spaced and centered under the title.
Include the title as it appears on the title page. Double-space if over one line of type and centered at the top of the page. The title follows the word Prospectus and a colon.
Provide a one-paragraph statement (150 words max) that is the result of a review of research findings, appropriate peer-reviewed/government sources, and current practice and that contains the following information:
1. Hook: (a WOW statement supported with a peer reviewed citation no older than five years from anticipated date CAO will sign.)
2. Anchor (includes a number supported with a peer reviewed/government citation no older than 5 years from your anticipated CAO signature)
3. The general business problem is XXXX
4. The specific business problem is some (identify who has the specific business problem) has limited information on XXX
Review the Problem Statement Video tutorial to aid you in completing the Problem Statement. The video tutorial is located at: http://youtu.be/IYWzCYyrgpo
Provide a one-paragraph Purpose Statement (200 words max) and that contains the following information:
Quantitative Study: (a) methodology, (b) design, (c) research variables (independent and dependent), (d) specific population, (e) geographical location, and (f) social change statement.
Note: A correlation study must examine the relationship between “more than” two variables. In other words, a simple bivariate correlation analysis is not substantive for a doctoral study. As a minimum, a multiple linear regression, using at least two predictor (independent) variables, is required.
Qualitative Study: (a) methodology, (b) design, (c) specific population, (d) geographical location, and (e) social change statement.
Please review the Purpose Statement Video tutorial to aid you in completing the Purpose Statement. Located the video tutorial at: http://youtu.be/pLP4r0mfT9A.
Nature of the Study
The Nature of the Study component serves two purposes. The first purpose is describing and justifying the methodology (i.e. quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method). The second purpose is describing and justifying the design (i.e. case study, phenomenological, correlation). Therefore, a well-crafted Nature of the Study can be presented in two paragraphs but not exceed one page.
The first paragraph is to describe and justify the methodology. State why you selected a specific method and why other methods were not appropriate. The second paragraph is to describe and justify the design. State why you selected a specific design and why other designs were not appropriate. Map to the rubric and only include the required content!
List the research question that will lead to the development of the requirements in the study and steps for accomplishing the requirements. A research question informs the research design by providing a foundation for:
• Generation of hypotheses in quantitative studies,
• Questions necessary to build the design structure for qualitative studies (i.e. interview questions),
• Process by which different methods will work together in mixed studies.
Interview Questions (Qualitative)
The interview questions are to be informed by the conceptual framework. Please see the Theoretical/Conceptual Framework video tutorial at: http://youtu.be/P-01xVTIVC8.
In one paragraph, describe the theoretical base or conceptual framework from the scholarly literature that will ground the study (providing citations). Base this description on the problem, purpose, and background of your study. Specifically, identify and describe:
(a) theory: theoretical base or conceptual framework,
(b) author of the theoretical base or conceptual framework (if applicable),
(c) date of the theoretical base or conceptual framework (if applicable),
(d) key tenets, propositions, constructs, variables, hypotheses, etc., and
(e) how the theoretical base or conceptual framework is applicable and fits to the study.
Review the Theoretical/Conceptual Framework video tutorial at: http://youtu.be/P-01xVTIVC8 to aid in completing Theoretical/Conceptual Framework section.
Significance of the Study
Provide one to two paragraphs, informed by the topic in the problem statement, which describe(s):
1. The value to the business/social impact.
2. Contribution to effective practice of business
3. Potential contribution to positive social change and improvement of business practice.
Include references formatted in the correct style (APA 6th edition, modeled at the end of this guide) for all citations within the Doctoral Study Prospectus.
Student and Committee Information
|Date of Review:|
|Student’s Name (Last, First):
|Student ID (for office use only):
|Second Committee Member:
|University Research Reviewer:
|Person Conducting this Review:|
Note: Type in the applicable information.
Relationship Between Transformational Leadership and Employee Turnover Intentions
Alpha B. Gamma
Doctor of Business Administration Prospectus – Name of DBA Specialization
Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree
Doctor of Business Administration
Student ID: A00000000
Prospectus: Relationship Between Transformational Leadership and Employee Turnover Intentions
Losing highly skilled technical employees disrupts organizational functioning, service delivery, and administration (Bothma & Roodt, 2012). From a financial perspective, employee turnover can cost employers between 90 and 200 % of annual pay (Hom, Mitchell, Lee, & Griffeth, 2102). The general business problem is that employee intent to leave is a major antecedent of actual employee turnover (Siddiqi, 2013). The specific business problem is that some information technology (IT) small business owners do not know the relationship between IT employee perceptions of their leaders’ transformation leadership characteristics and employee turnover intention.
The purpose of this quantitative correlation study is to examine the relationship between IT employee perceptions of their leaders’ transformation leadership characteristics and employee turnover intention. The targeted population consists of IT business leaders located in Orlando, Florida. The independent variables are employee perceptions of their leaders’ (a) idealized attributes, (b) idealized behaviors, (c) intellectual stimulation, (d) inspirational motivation, and (e) individualized consideration. The dependent variable is employee turnover intention . The implications for social change include the potential to (include social change implications).
Nature of the Study
Quantitative methodology is the foundation of the postpositivist worldview. The researcher uses descriptive and inferential statistics, by-products of the quantitative methodology, to describe the population and infer the sample results to the broader population (Orcher, 2014). The justification of the quantitative method results from the need to test the efficacy of transformational leaderships constructs in predicting employee turnover intentions. Conversely, researchers employing qualitative methodology seek to explore (seeking how or why answers), rather than explain a phenomenon or outcome (Yin, 2014). Therefore, the qualitative method is not appropriate for this study.
Researchers employing correlation designs do not seek cause and effect (Pallant, 2013). A key focus of correlation designs is tracing the distribution of the dependent variable or some characteristic of the distribution (such as its mean) as a function of one or more predictor variable (Pallant, 2013). Researchers employing experimental and quasi-experimental designs seek cause and effect relationships (Orcher, 2014). However, the purpose of this study is not to seek cause and effect; thus, the experimental and quasi-experimental designs are not appropriate for this study.
Quantitative Research Question
What is the relationship between employee perception of their leaders’ (a) idealized attributes, (b) idealized behaviors, (c) intellectual stimulation, (d) inspirational motivation, (e) individualized consideration, and employee turnover intention?
Null Hypothesis (H0): There is no statistically significant relationship between employee perception of their leaders’ (a) idealized attributes, (b) idealized behaviors, (c) intellectual stimulation, (d) inspirational motivation, (e) individualized consideration, and employee turnover intention?
Alternative Hypothesis (H1): There is a statistically significant relationship between employee perception of their leaders’ (a) idealized attributes, (b) idealized behaviors, (c) intellectual stimulation, (d) inspirational motivation, (e) individualized consideration, and employee turnover intention?
Burns (1978) developed the transformational leadership. Burns used the theory to offer an explanation for leadership based upon the premise that leaders are able to inspire followers to change expectations, perceptions, and motivations to work toward common goals. Burns identified the following key constructs underlying the theory (a) idealized attributes, (b) idealized behaviors, (c) intellectual stimulation, (d) inspirational motivation, and (e) individualized consideration. As applied to this study, the transformational leadership theory holds that I would expect the independent variables (transformational leadership constructs), measured by the Multifaceted Leadership Questionnaire, to predict employee turnover intention because (provide a rationale based upon the logic of the theory and extant literature). Figure 1 is a graphical depiction of the transformational leadership theory as it applies to examining turnover intentions.
Figure 1. Graphical model of transformational leadership theory as it applies to examining turnover intentions.
Significance of the Study
Organizational leaders are faced with maximizing profitability. Therefore organizational leaders seek to minimize employee turnover to maximize profitability and maintain critical knowledge capital within their organizations. This study is significant to business practice in that it may provide a practical model for understanding better the relationship between transformational leadership characteristics and employee turnover intentions. A significant predictive model can aid and support leaders in predicting turnover intentions, and more important, employing interventions to mitigate employee turnover intentions. The implications for positive social change include to potential provide significant knowledge to organizational leaders conducive to minimizing turnover and maximizing profitability.
Bothma, C. F., & Roodt, G. (2012). Work-based identity and work engagement as potential antecedents of task performance and turnover intention: Unravelling a complex relationship. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 38, 27-44. doi:10.4102/sajip.v38i1.893
Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership. New York, NY: Harper
Hom, P. W., Mitchell, T. R., & Lee, T. W., & Griffeth, (2012). Reviewing employee turnover: Focusing on proximal withdrawal states and an expanded criterion. Psychological Bulletin, 138, 831-858. doi:10.1037/a0027983.
Orcher, L. T. (2014). Conducting research: social and behavioral methods (2nd ed.). Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing.
Pallant, J. (2013). SPSS survivor manual: A step-by-step guide to data analysis using SPSS for Windows (5th ed.). Berkshire, England: Open University Press.
Siddiqi, M. A. (2013). Examining work engagement as a precursor to turnover intentions of service employees. International Journal of Information, Business and Management, 5(4), 118-132. Retrieved from http://ijibm.elitehall.com
Yin, R. K. (2014). Case study research: Design and methods (5th ed.). London: SAGE Publications.
Appendix C – DBA Prospectus Rubric
Foundation of the Study
(FOR PROPOSAL & DBA DOCTORAL STUDY DOCUMENTS)
|Type Met, Not Met, or N/A in Each Cell|
|(1.3) Problem Statement|
|a. Provides a “current” hook supported by peer reviewed or government citation less than 5-years old from anticipated graduation date.
|b. Provides a “current” data driven anchor supported by peer reviewed or government citation less than 5-years old from anticipated completion date
|c. States the general business problem Note: This element should start as follows: The general business problem is…||
|d. States the specific business problem. Be sure to state who has the specific problem (i.e. small business leaders, project managers, supply chain managers, etc.) Note: This element should start as follows: The specific business problem is that some (identify who has the problem)…||
|e. Ensures the specific business problem aligns with the research question and purpose statement.
|f. Problem Statement does not exceed 150 words.||
|· Check with Ulrich’s Periodical Directory http://library.waldenu.edu/728.htm to ensure citations are peer reviewed.
· See Problem Statement Video Tutorial at: http://youtu.be/IYWzCYyrgpo.
|(1.4) Purpose Statement: Describes the intent of the research . The Purpose Statement is a mini story and must not exceed 200 words. The Purpose Statement must address the following six elements:|
|a. Identifies the research method as qualitative , quantitative, or mixed-methods.||
|b. Identifies research design (i.e. case study, phenomenological, quasi-experimental, correlational, etc.).||
|c. If quantitative or mixed method: Identifies a minimum of two independent (experimental/quasi-experimental designs) or predictor (correlational designs) and dependent variable(s). Note: The quantitative study must include at least two independent/predictor variables.||
|d. Identifies specific population group for proposed study.||
|e. Identifies geographic location of the study.||
|f. Identifies contribution to social change.||
|g. Ensures the first sentence links/aligns directly with the specific business problem.||
|· See Purpose Statement Video Tutorial at: http://youtu.be/pLP4r0mfT9A.|
|(1.5) Nature of the Study: Provides a brief discussion on the research method (i.e. quantitative or qualitative) and design (i.e. correlation for quantitative study; phenomenological, case study, etc., for a qualitative design); cite a minimum of one source (The method and design will be discussed in greater detail in Section 2).
· Note: A single paragraph can be used for each component: one for the method and one for the design.
|a. Identifies the selection of one method (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods) and why other methods would not work (cite a minimum of one source).||
|b. Identifies the selection of the design (within the method) and why it was selected over other designs (cite a minimum of one source).||
|(1.6) Research Questions (Quantitative Only)|
|a. Lists research question(s) in about 10-15 words (20 words max).||
|b. Ensures research question(s) aligns with the specific business problem and first line of the Purpose Statement.||
|c. Includes the independent/predictor, covariates (control variables), mediator/moderator, etc., and dependent variables as identified in the Purpose Statement.
|d. Lists research sub-questions that align with each hypotheses set.||
|(1.7) Hypotheses (Quantitative/Mixed-Method Only) : States, in accurate format, the null and alternative hypotheses for each research question .|
|(1.8) Research Question – Qualitative Only
|a. Lists overarching research question in about 10-15 words (20 words max).||
|b. Ensures research question aligns with the specific Business Problem and Purpose Statement.
Foundation of the Study
(FOR PROPOSAL & DBA DOCTORAL STUDY DOCUMENTS)
|Type Met, Not Met, or N/A in Each Cell|
|(1.9) Interview Questions – Qualitative Only
|a. Lists each interview or focus group question. Questions must contribute knowledge to the research question and be informed by the theoretical/conceptual framework.|
|b. Ensures interview/focus group questions align with the research question and theoretical/conceptual framework.|
|(1.10) Theoretical/Conceptual Framework : Clearly and concisely identify the theory/conceptual framework. In quantitative studies, the theoretical framework is the appropriate term and in qualitative studies the conceptual framework is the appropriate term. The student will articulate the theoretical/conceptual framework with concepts from the literature to ground and complement the applied business study.
· This component should not exceed one page. It will be expanded upon in the literature review. See Theoretical/Conceptual Framework Video Tutorial at: http://youtu.be/P-01xVTIVC8
|a. Identifies and describes the theory or conceptual model for theoretical/conceptual framework.||
|b. Identifies theorist(s) of the theory or conceptual model for theoretical/conceptual framework (if applicable).
|c. Identifies date of the theory or conceptual model for theoretical/conceptual framework (if applicable).
|d. Identifies key concepts/propositions/tenets of the theory or conceptual model for theoretical/conceptual framework.
|e. Identifies how/why the theory or conceptual model for theoretical/conceptual framework is applicable and fits/applies to the study.||
|(1.13) Significance of the Study
|a. States why the study is of value to business.
|b. States how this study may contribute to effective practice of business (improvement of business practice).
|c. Identifies how the results might contribute to positive social change.
Comments on the following indicators of quality apply to the manuscript as a whole.
|Type Met, Not met, or N/A in Each Cell|
|Writing Style and Composition
The DBA Doctoral Prospectus is written in scholarly language (accurate, balanced, objective, tentative). The writing is clear, precise, and avoids redundancy/errors. Statements are specific and topical sentences are established for paragraphs. The flow of words is smooth and comprehensible. Bridges are established between ideas. Few direct quotes exist.
|Organization and Form
The Prospectus addresses the following organization and form requirements:
a. Is logically and comprehensively organized, using subheadings where appropriate,
b. Has a professional, scholarly appearance,
c. Is written with correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling; does not contain anthropomorphisms
d. Includes citations for the following: quotations, paraphrasing, facts, and references to research studies
e. In-text citations are in the reference list; references have corresponding in-text citations, and
f. Tables and Figures are appropriately in APA, 6th edition format.
� Anticipated CAO Signature Date
� Note the alignment (bold underlined text) between the last sentence of the Problem Statement, first sentence of the Purpose Statement, and Research Question.
� The independent and dependent variables are the same variables identified in the research question.
� The first paragraph addresses the methodology only. The second paragraph addresses the design only.
� The “specific” variables identified in the research question and are the same variables identified in the Purpose Statement.
� Note: At least 85% of the references are to be within five years of the anticipated CAO signature date. Therefore, it is imperative to identify a “realistic” CAO signature date.
� The hook should be a succinct wow statement to catch the reader’s attention.
� An anchor comprises a number, percentage, dollar value, ratio, index, etc.
� Ulrich’s is not 100% correct; it is still up to the student to verify via the journal home page.
� The first sentence of the purpose statement must align with the research question and specific business problem in the problem statement.
� Visit the Center for Research Quality qualitative methodology tutorial at: http://researchcenter.waldenu.edu/Research-Resources.htm
� A research population is generally a large collection of individuals or objects that is the main focus of a scientific query. Do not identify sample/participants.
� A single paragraph can be used for each component: one for the method and one for the design.
� The research question(s) must contain the independent variables, covariates, and mediator/moderator variables, etc. The research question must contain the dependent variable(s) identified in the Purpose Statement.
� Hypotheses must include the same variables identified in the research question.
� The theory/conceptual framework informs the research (quantitative) and interview (qualitative) questions. Be sure to review the Theoretical/Conceptual Framework Video Tutorial at: � HYPERLINK “http://youtu.be/P-01xVTIVC8” �http://youtu.be/P-01xVTIVC8�.
� Some literature identifies the specific date the theorist introduced the theory; provide this date if this is the case. If not, then it’s not applicable.
� This area is important in determining Doc Study of the Year Award-justify well.