economic and sociological studies
A large number of economic and sociological studies have found that there is gender segregation in the labor market, which is prevalent in the labor market in various countries and lasts for a long time. Scholars first concerned about the problem of occupational segregation, they found that some of the main jobs are mainly male, and other occupations are mainly female-based, this isolation led to the socio-economic status of men and women differences. In the further study also found that there are gender segregation between industry, departmental and institutional units, and there are gender segregations in the distribution of occupational positions within an organization or organization, and gender segregation in these areas also affects The comprehensive socioeconomic status of women. There are also occupational and other forms of gender segregation. With the development of the times, the economic system and economic structure have undergone great changes.
The composition of the profession, the composition of the industry and the industry, and the composition of the unit sector are also changed accordingly. These factors have an impact on the occupational gender segregation, and the change of occupational sex isolation affects the social and economic status of women. However, Mead questioned the role and status of men. This is an occupational gender segregation. [footnoteRef:0]The term sex disengagement was first proposed by Edward Gross in a paper in 1968, meaning that workers in the labor market are allocated for different sexes and are concentrated in different occupational categories and are of different nature jobs. [footnoteRef:1]Gross and other scholars have found that the labor market in modern Western society is gender-neutral, mainly because most of the female labor force is concentrated in some low-income, low-prestige “feminization” career. Thus, the level of occupational segregation is seen as one of the main indicators of gender equality in the labor market. [0: ] [1: ]
The scholar’s study also found that the degree of gender segregation is one of the most important and most direct factors that affect the inequality of income inequality between men and women. The higher the level of gender segregation in a society, the greater the degree of inequality between men and women; Some scholars have pointed out that occupational segregation does not only affect the distribution of economic income between men and women but also affect the distribution of many non-economic remunerations. Sociologists further argue that the degree of gender segregation in employment is not only an important measure of gender equality in the labor market but also an important aspect of gender stratification. A basic theory of social stratification is that career is the basic factor of contemporary social stratification system. Occupational status determines the basic socioeconomic status of individuals, determines the general position of individuals in social stratification systems, while men and women The distribution of occupational structure also determine the basic form of gender stratification.
Occupational gender segregation is an important factor leading to socioeconomic inequality between sexes. Sexual discrimination in occupational treatment, male and female employees engaged in the same or equivalent work can not receive equal remuneration and benefits. Female employees in the occupational treatment at a disadvantage, which is a great deal of enthusiasm for the work of female employees. Male pay for the same time, attention, and enthusiasm. But the wages and benefits of female employees are lower than male employees, and even some male employees do more than women employees work with more wages. In general, the continuity of the work of female employees, due to fertility during work and other reasons there will be the blank time period. Can not be a good time to continue the work content and meet the needs of the work. At the same time, women’s family responsibilities and a number of household chores to take more than men, which will reduce the female staff into the work of the energy.
In addition, in the workplace, women are also subject to many discrimination. Some employers only consider their own economic benefits, that female fertility will affect the unit work, or the ability to work on women has doubts. Employment discrimination is an important reason for women’s employment difficulties. Women’s appearance is important both in job search and in employment. Marketing, business management and other occupations as an example. The demand for these jobs is very large, but some have the ability to wait poor female candidates are frequently lost. One side is in urgent need of talent to recruit people, one side is empty ability to not work, a strong contrast is puzzling. In nurse. flight attendants in this industry, ‘Beauty is more important’ recruitment phenomenon is more obvious. In the workplace, beautiful women are generally higher than the average staff wages. [footnoteRef:2]London Gilles Hall University researcher killings pointed out; it looks like a beautiful secretary of the secretary, 15% income less. The study also found that men who were considered to be less attractive were earning less than 15% of their handsome colleagues, and those who were inferior were earned 11% less than their beautiful colleagues. Obesity has no effect on male pay, but women are less likely to lose their fat and lose 5% less than their weight loss. The study visited 11,000 people, aged about 33 years old. This part of the data to people in the workplace gender segregation inspired and thinking. [2: ]
In conclusion, from the objective fact, because of the physiological differences between men and women and bear the different social roles. Women in the workplace in the state of work is not as stable as men, so the objective in the workplace at a disadvantage. While the current chances of promotion are mainly to see the performance and ability of the job, many times women are discriminated against when they are promoted. Many women work hard and fast, but because of their appearance or personal and a boss relationship is better, such people will cause other female colleagues jealousy and discrimination. Sex discrimination in the workplace is wrong and harmful and should be corrected. To solve the problem of gender discrimination in the workplace depends on the employer to change the concept of employment, to rely on the improvement of legal and social security system.
Gill, C. (2017). Women in the Seventeenth-Century Quaker Community: A Literary Study of Political Identities, 1650–1700. Routledge.
Lapidus, G. W. (1978). Women in Soviet Society: Equality, Development, and Social Change. University of California Press.
Palmo, A. J. (1977). Career Development: Contemporary Readings. Ardent Media.