The Netherlands’ risk management against floods is one of their long-term battles, commonly known as the “heroic battle against the water.” The country is at a high risk of both seawater and river water, which keeps it on toes to curb every possible hazard. The high risk has been as a result of land reclamation from the sea, which has been a tremendous positive to their economy in terms of agriculture. Actions were taken where the work has done some times bore no fruits (Watt et al., 2010). The risk management went ahead and set plans to make flood mitigation independent. Creation of dikes and barriers were part of Dutch work to mitigate flood disasters as well as the construction of dams, strengthening dikes, and canals to ensure proper drainage in case of a flood. The 1953 flood was a great challenge to the Dutch emergency management team since it demolished all the structures; they had set to curb the storms. Further, plans were set up to upgrade their defense system along the coastline.
On 4th February 1953, the government briefed the citizens that the recovery of the levees would receive the highest priority. The levees were not tall enough to keep out high water levels in the before the North Sea 1953 floods. Both maintenance and damage caused during the second world weakened the total length of levees. A plan for structural improvement of the levees and the shortening of the carried out. At the end of 1953 January, Delta Commission presented the first report document. It was only a few days later, inevitable happened. There have been several cases of disastrous floods in the Netherlands, leaving death memories to the citizens and unimaginable loss as well as destruction to the country at large. Dutch neighbours the North Sea, which is funnel-shaped, and in case of a storm southwards, a build-up can easily be experienced since the water can hardly escape, thus raising the level of seawater. Once the sea level rises above the sea show, water flows into the dry land. In case of this situation, then the Netherlands in a mess because the entire 20 percent of dry land or even more will be occupied with seawater. Here, there exist several households, vegetation, animals, and a lot more property, which will entirely perish if immediate action is not taken. The government of the Netherlands is on its process to mitigate and control the disaster. Construction of dams, strengthening dikes, and canals to ensure proper drainage in case of a flood. The 1953 flood was a great challenge to the Dutch emergency management team since it demolished all the structures; they had set to curb the storms (Ayish, 1991).
The Dutch people, especially those living in lowlands, are always in extreme tension. Whatever happens, the next second, minute, hour, or day is beyond their control. Loss of lives, property, or livestock is still their fear. The worst fact is that they experience sea floods, which may lead to large volumes of flood-water (Kundzewicz et al., 2014). If this is the case, then it becomes a disaster because even in minutes. People will have drowned, and as the water flows into the loose dry land, the erosion will create a negative impact on the environment as well as the salty water effect on the vegetation. Several elements will have been mainly impacted as others will be perishing by the time significant help or solution will be sought. The infrequent disastrous floods in the Netherlands have made the country always to stay alert as well as improving their countermeasures for the disaster.
The fact that they spend so much time preparing policies to curb the disaster, but the 1953 flood still struck them; the government was always alerted to keep renovating their structures as well as creating new ones from time to time. Stronger dikes and dunes, as well as dams, have been created in response to the disaster (Andeweg et al., 2014). The flood mitigation factors have since then been ranked as important as any other national focus. The loss of lives, property, and economic damage has been a lesson to the Dutch government, and they have been setting strategies to mitigate any future cases of floods. River mouths, as well as seas, have been taken care of, which saw the closure of the South Sea. New features, such as a freshwater lake, have been established in the process, which is a positive mark to the Dutch economy. A new Province was also created and is being fed by the freshwater lake.
Natural disasters have been everywhere around the globe. The degree at which the disaster damages a country is the most critical focus to the affected country as well as the entire world. After all, mitigation and necessary emergency encounters must be put in place to reduce the impact of the calamity on the country. Controlling the disaster comes after lessons learned from the catastrophe. The Netherlands, being a hotbed of floods, has been an example to the entire world to work tirelessly to curb the disaster, which to some extent, may be unpredictable. The disasters should be managed well to reduce death rates in society and to prevent future occurrences. Some measures should be taken in all aspects to curb the menace. This should involve evacuating people from most affected areas and advise them on the precautions to be taken in case they are faced with such disasters in the future. Netherland is prone to disasters like floods, and more actions must be taken to make sure that people will not be affected by its occurrence. When it happens, it causes a lot of deaths and also diseases that are related to floods like cholera and malaria. Many countries, apart from the Netherlands, should also take measures to control floods in the future. They should also take precautions on all other diseases that might animate from floods. To finalize, the government should find all possible ways to prevent its people from disasters by forming disaster management bodies.
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