Exclusive Federal Jurisdiction
Jurisdictional comprehensive emergency management plan (CEMP) is an established framework that is effective for an emergency management program. “CEMP adopts the functional approach that groups the types of emergency assistance to be provided into Emergency Support Functions (ESFs) and group’s recovery tasks into Recovery Functions (RFs)” (Havock, 2020). The city of Mount Dora that is located on Central Florida uses the CEMP framework in the management of the city emergencies. Large scale disasters that are likely to affect cities or states are considered problematic. The emergencies that might emerge are either man-made or natural disasters but they both pose a serious threat to the human life and property. The best way to ensure that life is restored to normalcy in any location after a disaster is through having an effective disaster recovery plans and framework like the CEMP. The CEMP of the Mount Dora city has various problems and challenges that need to be addressed through improvements.
The city of Mount Dora is a tourist destination and the tourist activities has contributed to the establishment of multiple shopping malls and restaurants and also known to host numerous festivals. During the festivals and on a good weather conditions the population increases annually. According to the city records, the fire department has employed 30 personnel that target on protecting the property and life and also proactive approach towards the visitors safety. Fire department has a huge responsibility in coordinating efforts on emergency management. The city has encountered multiple disasters over the years that include the hurricane in 2002 that destroyed 82,000 businesses and 28,000 homes displacing 200,000 people (Havock, 2020). The incidences shaped the existing emergency framework and also brought the attention of emergency management of the Florida state. The city tried to improve their systems but till date it has problems that makes it ineffective and require improvements.
The CEMP in place lacks a good communication approach and also comprehensive plan to respond to both man-made and natural disaster. The city lacks a formal process that would systematically guide on how to respond to disasters. I consider the deficiency as a priority because lack of systematic intervention on emergencies always gives poor results. The successful implementation of CEMP in the city requires a strong support system between the management and the personnel because the required resources have to be provided. The city implemented the CEMP plan just to satisfy their jurisdictional expectation but they are not fully determined on the importance of motivating the team through training and in the review of the existing framework to guarantee efficiency and effectiveness. The city disaster and response department fails to get alerts about disaster earlier enough due to poor coordination and also poor communication channels contributing to damages and late recovery (McEntire, 2015). The other deficiency is the lack of interdepartmental coordination like between the response team and the fire department.
I believe that the solution lies in the consultation of all the departments under the city emergency unit to promote coordination and efficient communication to handle tasks as a team. The fire department is known to have multi-skilled personnel that help in several incidences and the Florida department of emergency management should consider involving the team in the implementation and improvement of CEMP and use their connection in improving other teams (McEntire, 2015). The emergency department of the Florida state and the city should consider developing a emergency response unit and hire qualified personnel to help respond to disasters and work together with the fire department. The response team would assist increase the number of required personnel, skills and also handle multiple emergencies at the same time if they emerge. The fire department is a sophisticated mutual aid and has resources that would use to support the response team handle disasters. The employees have appreciated the implementation of the CEMP framework and have also raised concerns about issues that need to be improved on the plan to make it work efficiently.
The area of direction and control is the one that requires improvement to guide on coordination and control of operations. “I consider the development and implementation of incident management system for the emergency department to standardize the disaster response and correct problems like, communication failures, poor information management, poor coordination and the failure to provide accurate timely information” (Emergency Consulting, 2019). I propose that the incident management system be implemented to ensure the multiple emergency agencies work together when handling risks. I would propose the improvement on the implementation of the CEMP framework through training of the personnel to understand the framework further and appreciate its importance in the service delivery.
The emergency department should offer training on the CEMP framework, the incident management system and other local response systems to ensure that the team is knowledgeable in its application. The response and emergency personnel should also undergo practical training to ensure that the CEMP framework is effective. The training should include the resources available to handle an emergency and the personnel should be given their responsibilities in the CEMP framework to ensure they know what to do in case an incident occurs (Havock, 2020). The CEMP existing plan and framework should be updated to accommodate other professionals and also replace new staff and allow the delegation of new roles to personnel and the activity should be updated regularly.
Emergency Consulting. (2019). Development of a Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan (CEMP) – Emergency Management Consulting. Emergency Management Consulting. Retrieved 1 August 2020, from
Havock. (2020). Develop a Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan. Special Events Galore, 20(4), 8-8. https://doi.org/10.1002/speg.31337
McEntire. (2015). Emergency management theory: Issues, barriers, and recommendations for improvement. Journal Of Emergency Management, 3(3), 44. https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.2005.0031