Federal Aviation Administration’s Safety Team
You are working for the Federal Aviation Administration’s Safety Team (FAASTeam). Your particular workgroup is preparing a presentation for the annual Pan American Safety Summit (PASS) that reports the findings of FAASTeam research documenting typical injuries in minor small plane crashes. Your supervisor has assigned you the specific task of reviewing and editing the presentation’s data visualizations. Your teammates are less experienced with presenting technical information, and you have a reputation for being a skilled designer.
Your supervisor, Margaret Farnsworth, sends you the graphics your teammates have developed in a memo that asks you to edit their work: “I want you to work with the graphics that Tiffany Marcus, Jacob Klochner, and Julia Yutani have developed for this year’s PASS conference.”
You ask Margaret what she is looking for in revisions to the graphics. “They’re good researchers,” she replies. “However, they don’t always choose the most appropriate kind of graphics. They also unnecessarily complicate their graphics with too much junk and fluff. Their graphics are difficult to read and to decipher. Please edit them for appropriateness and clarity.”
You find the following graphics attached to the memo:
Figure 1. Tiffany Marcus
Figure 2. Jacob Klochner
Figure 3. Julie Yutani
You send your colleagues a memo asking them what they are trying to convey in each graphic.
Tiffany Marcus replies, “In my graphic, I want to show the distribution of the most common causes of small plane crashes.”
Jacob Klochner replies, “I’m trying to show how the use of restraint devices affect pilots’ risk of sustaining serious or fatal injuries in four body regions. I want to show that arm injuries are slightly more likely when restraint devices are properly worn than without them, but that lower extremity injuries – the type that often lead to lifelong disabilities – are significantly lower.”
Julia Yutani replies, “I want to demonstrate the average number of moderate lower-extremity injuries occurring annually to pilots in minor small plane crashes when restraint devices are properly worn. I want to communicate the scope of the issue. I want people to know that an average total of 17,699 lower extremity injuries occur annually in small plane crashes involving mechanical error where the pilot is properly wearing their restraint device.”
You respond to Julia asking, “What type of injuries are ‘tib.plat’ and ‘tib.shaft?”
Julia replies, “They’re both types of injuries to the tibia, the lower leg.”
You thank your colleagues and tell them that you will have their graphics reviewed, edited, and ready for the presentation by the end of the week.