This lesson discusses gender roles, socialization and female subordination historically and cross-culturally. Attention is given to how various social and cultural institutions perpetuate and reproduce male hegemony (e.g. military, religion, and academia). Emphasis is given to various gender ideologies, which foster male control and power. How our language contributes to the internalization of the ideas about gender roles and the idea that male equals human is also reviewed. The use of the noun ‘man’ to stand for all humans is one such example. But there are many others. For example, why is it that when we say ‘doctor’ or ‘pilot’ we don’t specify ‘male’, but we do specify sex if referring to a woman; i.e. ‘a woman doctor’. Does one sound ‘odd’ while the other seems ‘natural’?
The learning objectives of this lesson are:
1. For students to become aware of some of the mis-conceptions surrounding the subject matter of women’s studies and to deconstruct them. In particular, the whole notion that women’s studies and feminism are male bashing.
2. To examine ways in which the historical record has been biased and to look at women’s contributions which, until recently, have been ignored or overlooked.
3. To have students define patriarchy and how it affects their lives.
4. To increase awareness of power inequities in gender relationships.
5. To examine how patriarchy influences our images of women and men and how these images are presented in the media.
6. To understand the interaction between language and culture and how language can perpetuate patriarchal ideas.
· Feminist anthropology – http://www.as.ua.edu/ant/Faculty/murphy/feminism.htm
· Peggy McIntosh” “White Privilege: Unpacking the invisible knapsack” – https://www.csusm.edu/sjs/documents/UnpackingTheKnapsack.pdf
· Anita Sarkeesian, Feminist Critic, Cancels Speech After Death Threats – http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2014/10/15/anita-sarkeesian-speech-threats_n_5988952.html
· White privilege from a man’s perspective – https://ca.shine.yahoo.com/7-things-i-can-do-that-my-black-son-can-t-185445165.html
· New Blog Reveals Disturbing Movie Poster Trend That Needs To Stop – https://ca.style.yahoo.com/post/143426839085/blog-reveals-disturbing-movie-poster-trend-that
See Power Point – The Dynamics of Patriarchy
What do we mean when we use the term patriarchy’? The implications of patriarchy are not the same as those of matriarchy, although many people think they are simply the mirror opposite. The structural, institutional and cultural implications of patriarchy are explored here.
Assignment # 4
What is patriarchy? What role does patriarchy play in your life? How does patriarchy influence the images of women and men in our culture? How do ‘blonde’ jokes affect women and foster inequities? In addition to addressing the above questions, you are asked to select your favourite popular magazine and go through it looking at the advertisements only. How are males depicted in the magazine? Females? Do you detect any trends or patterns? Can you argue that any of these images contribute to the social control of women? What is your reaction to them? Do any of the images project stereotypes of men and women? Include a copy of at least three of the ads in your assignment/analysis.
Crow & Gottell: Pp. 78-86 “Assessing Gender Equality: Trends in the Situation of Women & Men” Pp.149-156 “Rooting out Injustice…………” Pp. 170-179 “Husband Abuse: Equality with a Vengeance?” Brettell and Sargent: Pp. 188-196 “Gender and the Stories Pittsburgh Police Officers Tell About Using Physical Force”