Forms of cyberbullying
Forms of cyberbullying. (Level 3 heading/subtheme) Cyberbullying gives the bully a much larger spectrum to choose from when it comes to how exactly they want to intimidate their victims which may be why it is often easier for them to carry out the act. Of all the different ways to cyberbully Faucher et al. (2014) found the most common platforms for cyberbullying to be social media, text messaging, and email which were used to bully students about half of the time followed up by blogs forums and chat rooms which were 25 percent. This is no surprise that social media is the most common platform for cyberbullying because it can allow for the bully to remain completely anonymous to your average victim. This allows people who may not fit the mold of your average bully to create a fake account and build their own persona in order to bully others. Multiple studies also address a critical factor of using social media or the Internet to bully others, which is that; the photos or hurtful comments, can remain in cyberspace virtually forever. Davis et al. (2014) mentions how they received viewed several responses that talked about “how their traditional bullying experience would have been magnified if they had occurred in todays digital era.” Faucher et al. (2014) also talk about how cyberbullying has a longer “shelf life” than your average bullying. This plays such a huge role because with the aggressive material on the internet it can often be revisited and the pain can constantly be brought back to light for the victims making the experience that much more traumatic.
Social media is very prevalent among cyberbullies but there is also extensive research done on cell phones and the role they play in the act of cyberbullying. Abeele et al. (2013) studied various aspects of mobile phone bullying and found that the most prevalent type was gossiping via text message, followed by gossiping over the phone, and concluded with threatening others over text message. Abeele et al. (2013) also found that girls were more often than not the perpetrators of gossiping while boys made slightly more threats via cell phone. This numbers tend lean towards the stereotype of females being more of gossipers and males generally being more aggressive and physical. This is also interesting because shows that that society’s stereotypes appear to remain true even in a cyber world.
Conclusion (Level 1 Heading)
To conclude, as the literature states, there have been multiple instances of people who conduct cyberbullying and stories of those who have taken their own lives due to the constant ridicule from their peers. Because of this, mental health professionals, parents, teachers, must take notice of this new social issue and create preventative measures to combat cyberbullying. The prevalence of cyberbullying, and the effects on the victims are heartbreaking leaving behind physical intimidation with negative effects on people. These findings indicate that the lasting impact that a cyberbully has on their victims is often more harmful than what most people can see on the surface.
(always in alpha order – with hanging indent)
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Arntfield, M. (2015). Toward a cyber victimology: Cyberbullying, routine activities theory, and the anti-sociality of social media. Canadian Journal Of Communication, 40(3), 371-388.
Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2007). The relationship between cyberbullying and school bullying. Journal of Student Wellbeing, 1(2), 15-33.
Davis, K., Randall, D. P., Ambrose, A., & Orand, M. (2015). ‘I was bullied too’: stories of bullying and coping in an online community. Information, Communication & Society, 18(4), 357-375.
Faucher, C., Jackson, M., & Cassidy, W. (2014). Cyberbullying among University Students: Gendered Experiences, Impacts, and Perspectives. Education Research International, 1.
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Pieschl, S., Porsch, T., Kahl, T., & Klockenbusch, R. (2013). Relevant dimensions of cyberbullying — Results from two experimental studies. Journal Of Applied Developmental Psychology, 34241-252.
Slonje, R., & Smith, P. K. (2008). Cyberbullying: Another main type of bullying?. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49(2), 147-154.
Vanderbosch, H., & Van Cleemput, K. (2009). Cyberbullying among youngsters: profiles of bullies and victims. New Media & Society, 11(8), 1349-1371.
Wegge, D., Vandebosch, H., & Eggermont, S. (2014). Who bullies whom online: A social network analysis of cyberbullying in a school context. Communications: The European Journal Of Communication Research, 39(4), 415-433.
Willard N, 2004, ‘An educator’s guide to cyberbullying and cyberthreats’, <new.csriu.org/cyberbully/docs/cbcteducator.pdf> viewed September, 2015.