FRAMEWORK FOR AN EXPLORATORY PAPER
|· Establishes the subject, the issue—framed as a question, the exigence (What happened to cause this argument? Why is it perceived as a defect or problem? Is it new or recurring? The issue, problem, or situation that causes or prompts someone to write or speak).
· Presents relevant background information: the types of sources, the perspectives
· Ends with the thesis statement: Keep it brief, but include the number of sources and the fact they represent three distinct perspectives on the issue
|Body Paragraph 1—6-10 Sentences
All body paragraphs should follow—
M-main point of the paragraph
[context] 1-2 sentences that will logically lead the reader to the evidence
E-evidence—reasons to support the main point
A-analysis/tag lines that explain how the source (evidence) supports the topic sentence
L—linking sentence that transitions to the next paragraph
|· M= Topic sentence that introduces the first source: first and last name of the writer and their perspective
· [Context]—1-2 sentences that narrows the topic sentence and leads logically to the summary of the source. Explains why the source is selected.
· Summary: Include a 2-3 sentence summary. USE A SIGNAL PHRASE TO INTRODUCE THE SOURCE: Include the writer’s full name, a verb, and their thesis statement –of course in your own words. Then include only the main points—these are the reasons the writer uses to support his/her thesis statement. IMPORTANT: CITE THE SUMMARY—when the summary is completed—CITE IT (“shortened title”). Follow this with the analysis/tag line(s) that explains how the source supports the thesis statement and then prepare the reader for your specific example.
· Evidence: After the summary you want to include at least one example from the writer’s article that clearly SHOWS how the writer supports his/her perspective. ALWAYS USE A SIGNAL PHRASE TO INTRODUCE THE SOURCE. Follow the quote with a parenthetical reference ( ). Follow this with a tag line/ANALYSIS that explains how the source supports your claim in the topic sentence: the perspective.
· END WITH A LINKING SENTENCE: DO NOT END WITH THE SOURCE (quote).
|Body Paragraph-2—repeats the process/form in paragraph 1
|· Repeats the process with source #2.
· [context]–Explains the importance of the source.
· Summary—2-3 sentences—use correct MLA format for citing
· Analysis of the summary—explains the source’s relevance to the issue as presented in the summary.
· Evidence—incorporate direct quotes using correct MLA format.
· Linking sentence—end with a sentence that prepares the reader for the next source.
|Body Paragraph 3—repeats the process/format in paragraph 1
|· Repeats the process with source #3
· CONTINUES THE PROCESS/FORMAT FROM PARAGRAPH 1
|Conclusion: 5-8 sentences||· Choose an appropriate transition that clearly indicates the essay is closed
· Include the thesis statement—the answer to the issue question—in the topic sentence
· Summarize each source—use 1-2 sentences for each source beginning with the first source and ending with the last source. DO NOT CLUMP THE SOURCES TOGETHER IN ONE SENTENCE.
· Evaluate each source’s relevance to the issue
· End with a final remark that reinforces the relevancy of the sources to the issue.
|MLA Format/ Works Cited/Annotated bibliography
All handouts on MLA formatting on eCompanion.
ONLY THREE SOURCES
|· 1” margins, 12 font New Roman, heading—1/2 inch with your last name and page number in the upper right hand corner of the page.
· Works Cited—centered on the page—1” margins,
· Sources must be varied: newspapers, magazines, Web sites, scholarly journals
· Format: alphabetical order, double-spaced within and between.
· Do not include: http://www. for web Sites. Refer to the formatting handout.
For Web sites:
Author (last name, first). “Title.” Website. domain. Sponsor, date. Web. Date you accessed the article.