Table of Contents
Title Page 1
Table of Contents 2
List of Figures 3
Literature Review 5
Conceptual Framework 6
Significance of the Study 7
Objectives of the Study 8
Scope and Limitation of the study 8
Study Design 10
Sample/Population of the study 11
Data Gathering Tools 11
Data Gathering Procedure 11
Treatment of Data 11
Ethical Consideration 11
APPENDIX A – GANTT CHART 16
APPENDIX B – RESEARCH GUIDE 16
List of Figures
1 Input Process Output (IPO) Diagram 7
2 Rapid Application Development (RAD) (Simplifier, 2020) 9
“Baguio Map-Integration of Infectious
Disease ( BMIID )”
For the last century, we have always been globally fighting infectious diseases. In 2016, Bill Gates was quoted saying “We are not ready for a global pandemic”, which was later proven four (4) years later. According to Lindahl and Grace (2014), emerging infectious diseases are increasing, causing losses in both human and animal lives, as well as large costs to society. Many factors are contributing to disease emergence, including climate change, globalization and urbanization, and most of these factors are to some extent caused by humans. Definitions of EID vary, including: a disease which incidence in humans has been increasing; a disease which has a tendency to spread geographically, cause an increased incidence, or infect a new species or new populations; or, a disease spreading within any host population ( Lindahl, J.& Grace,D., 2015).
Examples of disease movement include widespread person-to-person spread of diseases caused by respiratory viruses, enteric organisms, or by vectors, such as: Acute Respiratory Infection, Influenza A (H1N1), Bird Flu (Avian Influenza), Chickenpox, Cholera, Covid-19, Dengue, Diarrhea, Diphtheria, Ebola, Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, Influenza, Leprosy, Malaria, Measles, Meningococcemia, Pertussis, Poliomyelitis, Rabies, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Sore Eyes, Tuberculosis, Typhoid Fever.
In 2014, the article entitled “Prevention is better than cure for emerging infectious diseases” discussed that emerging infectious diseases have the potential to cause considerable morbidity, mortality, and economic damage. The article cited David Heymann and Osman Dar on their explanation on why people need to shift the emphasis from responding to emerging infections once detected to preventing them from occurring in the first place. The emerging infectious diseases have caused tens of billions of dollars’ worth of damage in the past 20 years and the costs are continuing to rise (BMJ, 2014).
As these infectious diseases spread easily from person to person, the researchers have come up with the idea of using a hazard map in creating a Map-Integration of Infectious Disease within the City of Baguio. The BMIID will illustrate the areas with people infected with the diseases that were mentioned above. Hazard map usually refers to a map describing the areas at risk of natural disasters, such as sediment-related disasters, floods, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions. On the other hand, hazard maps produced by municipal governments usually contain the following information in addition to the areas at risk of disasters: sketches of evacuation routes and shelters, evaluation of disaster possibility and frequency, a warning and evacuation system, and disaster-related basic information (SABO, 2005).
There are researches which are in some ways similar to the proposed study. The Earthquake Hazard Map, earthquakes cause an estimated annualized loss to the U.S. of several billions of dollars. To mitigate earthquake losses, it is necessary to evaluate the earthquake hazards across the country. The seismic hazard maps address this need by integrating what scientists have learned about earthquake sources, crustal deformation, active faulting, and ground shaking. This information is translated into a form that can be used to reduce the risk from earthquakes and to improve public safety (USGS. 2014). The study’s representation of data is through a hazard map where zone/s are under crustal deformation, active faulting, and ground shaking, where it was assessed by colors from white as the lowest risk zone, to blue green, yellow, orange, red and fuschia as the highest risk zone.
“How exposed is your barangay to different natural hazards?” is a collaborative blog started by Garcia in 2018. The areas of the Philippines that experience most of the natural calamities can be seen in the blog through an interactive map that allows you to zoom in and out to see the risk of any barangay or city from various natural hazards such as landslides, earthquakes, flood, tsunami, typhoon, and volcano. The more darkly-shaded an area is, the higher the risk is based on the hazard type selected. Places with higher population are considered to have a higher risk. They’ve also computed an overall “risk score” for each barangay which combines a barangay’s risk from various types of hazards with socioeconomic indicators like population and economic development. Municipal scores were computed by getting the aggregated risk scores of each component barangay (Garcia, 2018).
BMIID has a similarity to the features presented previously. BMIID will have a hazard map that will use different colors to indicate the levels of danger in the areas that have residents with infectious diseases. The admin will be the one to identify the number or population of the barangay that will have a specific gravity of risk according to colors green (safe) , yellow(low risk), orange (severe) and red (high risk).
The proponents will use the Input-Process-Output (IPO) model, as shown in Figure 1, to show the inputs, outputs, and required processing tasks that will be used to design and develop BMIID. The input includes the data needed as presented in the Software Requirements Specification document and Software Design Document, software requirements, and hardware requirements. These inputs will be utilized in the application of the Rapid Application Development (RAD) methodology to produce the BMIID web-application. The application will then be evaluated by some of the stakeholders. The developers will maintain the system based on stakeholders’ feedback.
Figure 1. Input Process Output (IPO) Diagram
Significance of the Study
The study aims to provide useful information about the current number of infected people per barangay in Baguio City.
The study is significant to the Baguio City residents because it can raise awareness on the severity of the infection in any barangay so that they may restrain themselves from going to those areas.
The study is significant to other researcher/s since they can make use of the data and processes from BMIID in producing other research.
The study is significant to the proponents because it will be able to help them improve their technical and programming skills and gain experience, rendering them able to create more of this type of study or system.
Objectives of the Study
The study aims to develop a web-application that displays the Baguio City map for infectious diseases with the following specific objectives:
To determine the user requirements of BMIID.
To implement usability standards in designing the system.
To test and construct BMIID based on software testing and development standards.
Scope and Limitation of the study
BMIID will be a web-application that will integrate to the current map of Baguio city with dynamic-changes to the most updated locations that would colorize the map according to danger zones. A risk zone is a pinpoint for an area (barangay) where a citizen of Baguio with an infectious disease resides. Using the application, users would be able to know the risky zones. The barangay or the area would be colorized to red as the highest level of danger-zone for multiple numbers of people having an infectious disease, colors would be according to the danger level of the area. The study will be conducted at Baguio City, where the study will be implemented as well and will be utilized by the citizens of Baguio City.
The scope and limitations of the proposed system will be the following:
This function aims to provide news to the viewers regarding updates pertaining to diseases and its cases within the city.
The admin will maintain the accounts, cases, diseases, barangay and news of the system.
The admin can approve or decline a pending case submitted by a staff member.
The admin/staff can generate reports regarding the number of total cases per infectious disease on either all barangay or a particular barangay.
Any function that is not stated above will not be covered by the system.
In developing for a solution, the researchers will be utilizing the Rapid Application Development (RAD) methodology. Simplifier (2020) defines RAD as a programming approach based on a continuous development environment. The aim of RAD is to develop an executable prototype of the software as quickly as possible, in accordance with the user’s requirements.
Figure 2. Rapid Application Development (RAD) (Simplifier, 2020)
In the initial phase, the developers, with their stakeholders (advisers and panelists) will make a rough agreement on the scope of the project and prioritize the application requirements so that prototyping can be started in the future phases. Based on the list of application requirements with prioritization, the developers will design an executable prototype of the software as soon as possible. Hence, this is expected to have a result with an optimized design possible for the BMIID System.
In this phase, feedback from stakeholders is collected after completion of the first prototype. Requirements are supplemented or refined to create initial modelling. This step is repeated as often as necessary to further develop the project. The User Interface will be designed in this phase. Due to this, the system will be built effectively for user-friendliness.
Once the basic user and system design has started, the developers will do most of the actual application coding, testing and integration in the design phase. Together with the user design, the construction phase is repeated as often as necessary because new components are needed or changes are made to meet the project’s requirements. The user’s new requirements are optimized and added to the software in a short development cycle creating new and improved versions of the software in every iteration. In doing this, the BMIID will be completed.
The final phase, the cutover, allows the development team to deploy the application. Resulting in BMIID system being live on the Internet.
Descriptive research deals with everything that can be counted and studied, which has an impact on the lives of the people it deals with (Krishnakumar, V., 2011). On the other hand, applied research aims at finding a solution for an immediate problem facing a society, or an industrial/business organisation, whereas fundamental research is mainly concerned with generalisations and with the formulation of a theory (Kothari, C.R. 2008).
The study is an applied-descriptive research since BMIID will be a system that will visually inform people regarding the various infectious diseases which are currently affecting any barangay in Baguio City.
Sample/Population of the study
The study will be conducted in Baguio City and can be viewed by anyone. The system will be administered by a government agency but no particular data will be required for them.
Data Gathering Tools
The internet will be needed by the researchers to do research using the Research Guide.
Research Guide will aid the proponents in searching needed information from the internet.
Data Gathering Procedure
The proponents will be gathering the data from the internet through internet research.
Feedback from the advisers and panelists will be considered in the development of the study.
Treatment of Data
All information will be analyzed and clustered according to its use in the project.
The researchers will respect the decision of every contributor. Any misleading and incorrect information will not be tolerated and only the truth will be documented. The researchers will only get reliable data that is published by reliable resources.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
This section of the research paper contains the researchers’ respective findings and conclusions for each objective that have been implemented in the design and development of BMIID.
Determining the User Requirements
The proponents aimed to design and develop a hazard map based system. With this objective in mind, the proponents determined the requirements that will be used to design and develop BMIID. The Software Requirements Specification (SRS) document (Appendix C) and the Software Design Description (SDD) document (Appendix D) contains the specifications that describes how BMIID will be designed and developed.
Implementing User Requirements To Design and Develop a Hazard-map System
In order for the researchers to determine how a hazard-map system will help make the BMIID system, the researchers have first identified what a hazard map is and through PNSN or Pacific Northwest Seismic Network the researchers found out that Hazard maps are developed to illuminate areas that are affected or vulnerable to a particular hazard. And through illumination each barangay of baguio city will be considered as a region to pinpoint and would help see the vulnerabilities of each barangay region.
Implementing Usability Standards In Designing and Developing BMIID
The researchers will
Testing and Constructing BMIID Based on Software Testing and Development Standards
The researchers will
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
The researchers will
The researchers will
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APPENDIX A – GANTT CHART
APPENDIX B – RESEARCH GUIDE
List of infectious diseases.
What are the various types of infectious disease?
What are the types of diseases that can be transmitted physically?
What are the types of diseases that can be transmitted through droplets?
What are the types of diseases that can be transmitted through the transfer of bodily fluids?
What is the population of each barangay in Baguio City?
What is the whole population of Baguio City?
The most updated Baguio Map
APPENDIX C – SRS
APPENDIX D – SDD
APPENDIX E – USE CASE DIAGRAM