How Food Banks and Meal Programs have reacted to Covid-19
The COVID-19 response has become an unprecedented collaboration of assets and agencies to meet needs for housing, food, testing, internet access, and other necessities. In several cities, these collaborative efforts have been compelled by need. Among the primary ingredients were collaborations and experience brought by the United Way, local government, and other communities from previous mutual effect programs, as well as a neighborhood foundation committed to practicing community leadership and social equity; a cradle-to-career initiative pivoting to lend staff ability and skills in facilitation, data analysis, and systems integration; and the partnerships and experience brought by the United Way, municipal government, and other communities from prior mutual effect projects. The Civic Response Task Force has responded quickly to urgent needs while keeping an eye on long-term systems reform. The Civic Response Task Force experience offers a glimpse into a municipality’s holistic approach to the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as six insights on how collaborative community models can be most successful even throughout a global crisis:
In the United States, there is a high level of food insecurity. Before the pandemic, 10.5 percent of all American households, or over 35 million people, were food insecure at some point during the year. COVID-19 exacerbated the issue significantly, with Northwestern University researchers predicting that food insecurity would impact 23% of U.S. households in 2020 (Winson, 2010). The condition is even worse for families with children. A study conducted earlier this summer by the Brookings Institution found that in late June, 27.5 percent of households with children were food insecure, implying that 13.9 million children lived in a household marked by child food insecurity. According to a separate study conducted by Northwestern University researchers, insecurity has more than tripled among households with children, reaching 29.5 percent.
The government assistance and expanded Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) failed to fulfill the food security needs across the United States. As a result, Americans used food banks at a higher rate than before the 2008 crisis. “People enrolled in SNAP in 2020 increased to nearly 44 million from 35.7 million a year earlier despite a reeling economy,” according to the United States government’s findings. However, the program does not meet their needs in any way (Winson, 2010). SNAP benefits are used by almost 40% of food bank clients. “During the pandemic, shortfalls in these systems placed additional strain on food banks. According to Megan Sandel, co-director of the Grow Clinic for Children at Boston Medical Center, the consequences of these deficits are not just short-term. She claims that her caseload has increased by 40%, with more than two-thirds citing food insecurity.”
The Impact on Food Aid Organizations and Communities
According to Brian Ronholm, Consumer Reports’ Director of food policy, the situation is much worse than before the 2008 financial crisis. “When you factor in the economic downturn triggered by the pandemic and combine it with the food-supply disruptions that have arisen, it’s almost a perfect storm for food insecurity,” he continues. Despite Biden’s efforts to increase federal aid, experts say the United States will face food insecurity, with food banks bearing the brunt of the burden. Food banks became “more noticeable than ever before” as the pandemic progressed (Jiang & Dong, 2021). They served the equivalent of 4.2 billion meals between March and November 2020, with more than 80% claiming that they are now serving more people than ever. In August, Feeding America National Organization, the nation’s largest food bank network, recorded a “64 percent rise from a normal pre-pandemic month” (Luciano et al., 2021). Food banks became a lifeline for many Americans. At the same time, food prices rose while “reclamation products” fell dramatically. “Food banks and pantries do not depend solely on donations. When they have to buy it, they will get it cheaper than customers because they buy in bulk and do not have to pay sales tax. However, food costs for charities have risen in line with the general public.”
There are also additional costs such as electricity, boxes, forklifts, freezer and cooler capacity, and so on. Food banks had to deal with funding shortages as well. Neighborhood House’s Rossman says, “Our donor base has contributed to our potential. Some of my board members have been put on leave. There are upper-middle-class professionals in the city, and they, too, are feeling the pinch.”
Furthermore, owing to safety issues, the pandemic altered the way food banks work. “Requirements for social distancing and contactless handoffs necessitate volunteers filling prefabricated boxes, which is a more time-consuming operation.” However, the number of volunteers has also drastically decreased. Food banks in many states record a significant drop in volunteer numbers, often by as much as 80% (Jiang & Dong, 2021). Furthermore, when volunteers are available, they must be restricted to social distancing guidelines.
There are also problems with regional disparities. According to Feeding America, food banks in significant cities received more private donations, while smaller ones struggled to collect money. “Bigger food banks, including Boston and Houston, are seeing more philanthropy, but smaller ones have not seen as much impact,” she says. Food banks and pantries were not prepared to deal with the current situation; they were never intended to be the sole source of food security in their communities (Luciano et al., 2021). Despite this, they have been “bearing a two-fold burden since the pandemic began: helping the millions of Americans newly experiencing food insecurity who do not engage in or qualify for SNAP, while still serving those already receiving assistance that does not get them through the month.”
The Covid-19 crisis is a ‘stress exam’ for our global food systems, which are collapsing. The pandemic has shown the flaws and weaknesses in our food system and the critical need to rebuild better. Visionaries from all over the world are already paving the way, organizations that work together to create food systems that incorporate food, the environment, health, culture, diets, and technology. These ideas demonstrate that we can create resilient food systems that support both human health and the health of our world – and that a systems approach would assist us in getting there. Farmers are now dumping milk and plowing crops back into their fields, even though supermarkets are running out of food and the need for food assistance is increasing (Hanna et al., 2021). As experts expect drastic rises in malnutrition worldwide, we see export restrictions and price increases. These failures necessitate asking how to fix the damage and radically reimagine food systems to make them more nourishing, robust, and sustainable.
For decades, food-related thought and policies have evolved in silos, with little collaboration between groups working on nutrition, agriculture, food, atmosphere, water, health, climate, housing, trade, or transportation. This has resulted in severe issues, ranging from policies that provide cheap calories while increasing the prevalence of diet-related diseases, business technologies that prioritize productivity above all else, and manufacturing processes that contribute to climate change and biodiversity loss. The pandemic has shown that seemingly different markets do not function independently (Hanna et al., 2021). Covid-19, which is still being studied, is thought to have originated in wild animals sold in open food markets. The virus spread quickly to humans because farmers had cleared and settled vast areas of natural habitat, increasing wildlife encounters with humans, even as food. Market sanitation practices were lax, and rapid transportation between densely populated cities spread the virus globally. Infected people’s ability to become chronically ill or die now depends on their underlying health and nutrition, as well as their access to healthcare, sanitation, and proper housing. Indeed, Covid-19 is a tale about various systems interacting with one another, resulting in a slew of unintended consequences that are impossible to understand, let alone handle, without looking at them all at once.
We used a participatory research model in the questionnaire design, recruitment process, survey, information gathering, and statistical analysis. We explored how complex funding models organize the day-to-day activities of the Civic Response Task Force’s Food Workgroup using systemic ethnography. The research issues can be answered in-depth and contextually, and this study builds on this unique method of analyzing the social environment. Through techniques such as mapping out the social ties that shape people’s lives, institutional ethnography attempts a similarly detailed view of daily life, but with a more specific goal to consider and explain how influence affects everyday life. To analyze how funding arrangements impact life at the organizations in this report, I employ three overlapping analytical methods: participant assessment, interviewing, and textual analysis.
In-depth, semi-structured focus group interviews were the primary qualitative method of gathering information about the Civic Response Food Workgroup and its intersections with other Task Force workgroups. During the virtual focus group interviews, a series of open-ended questions were presented about each organization’s activities, mission, funding mechanisms, and role. These interviews compelled me to conduct further interviews with other Civic Response Task Force workgroup leaders and residents who ultimately benefit from the workgroup’s efforts.
Focus Groups and Online Research
I gathered information about food banks and how they were affected by the pandemic by searching various websites. This includes infographics illustrating how emergency food services expanded during the pandemic.
The data was obtained from different focus groups that interviewed various organizations. Emphasis was laid on their scope of work, mode of funding, how they have adapted to the COVID-19, the population that the organizations cater for, the challenges they encounter, and how they are working to remain relevant after COVID-19.
Results and Findings
Once you have seen a food pantry, you’ve only seen one food pantry. Food pantries come in a wide variety. They come in different sizes, operate on different days of the week, have irregular operation hours, have religious affiliations, conditions of eligibility, and frequency restrictions that limit an individual’s access to the pantry. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Emergency Recovery System (ERS), about 67% of soup kitchens are specifically religious. As per Feeding America, 60 percent of pantry programs linked to the food banks network are somehow religiously tied. Various sources fund food pantries, including government and private grants, businesses, organizations and associations’ cash and food donations, and government programs like the Emergency Food Assistance Program. In 1998, food pantries cost valued at $1.4 billion.
Like all food, poverty, and hunger strategies, food pantries have service benefits and drawbacks. An advantage of food pantry programs is the recipient’s right to take food pantry items elsewhere and prepare the food as desired; this differs significantly from most prepared food and is served in a soup kitchen (Jiang & Dong, 2021). Another advantage of a food pantry is that it can fulfill a person’s dietary needs between applying for and obtaining emergency SNAP benefits. As a result, many food pantries say they only distribute enough food to last 3-5 days. Food pantries distribute millions of pounds of food to food-insecure households.
On the other hand, the amount of food offered by food pantries is a shortcoming. Due to the drawbacks of monthly SNAP incentives, families often need food for a longer time. Besides, since food pantry hours and conditions differ, there is no guarantee that someone waiting for SNAP benefits will get food from a food pantry when they need it. Food banks commonly use basic eligibility requirements. They frequently include referrals from other organizations. Food pantries must assess needs based on income to distribute food purchased through government programs such as TEFAP. Another drawback to food pantries is that residents can obtain culturally offensive foods or are highly processed and high in sodium. According to a recent analysis of food pantry food in Massachusetts, food pantry food is low in dairy, poultry, and vitamins A, C, and calcium. Furthermore, food pantries are not always physically located where there is the greatest need.
Analyses of the Results
In 2019, there was low food security. This can be attributed to the global pandemic COVID-19. The rate of food insecurity in 2019 is almost the same as the Great Depression/ Recession time. This shows the need for food banks.
To back up my argument, the above diagram is a survey that ran from the week of April 23, 2020, to the end of July 2020 by USDA. ERS researchers examined food sufficiency in U.S. households using the most recent data from the latest survey (June 18–June 23). Food sufficiency is distinct but linked to food security. Like the USDA’s food security measure, it can alert us to changes in the number of foods consumed in a household. Households were listed as “food deficient” if they reported not having enough to eat at least once in the previous seven days. Food insecurity is equivalent to the USDA classification of “abysmal food security” used in annual food security assessments. Nationally, the percent of households in the U.S. that were food insecure that week was 9.7, close to the 9.8-percentage-point U.S. average from April 23 to May 5. Fifteen states had food insecurity rates lower than 9.7 percent, while four states had rates higher than the national average. The remaining 31 states and the District of Columbia had food insecurity rates that were statistically equivalent to the national average. According to the USDA’s most recent food security statistics, an estimated 4.3 percent of U.S. households faced inadequate food security at some point during 2018, with some household members’ food intake decreased and usual eating habits interrupted due to a lack of money or other resources. This chart’s data comes from the Census Household Pulse Survey. More background on ERS’s food security research can be found on the ERS website’s Food Security in the United States subject page.
U.S. food-safe families can most likely afford to buy whatever food they want. This privilege shapes many distinct dimensions, including class, color, race, gender, age, and place. Substantial research has associated membership of the social group with food insecurity status. By contrast, understanding racial inequality requires examining how prejudice is interconnected and intersected. Most food insecurity literature research focuses on how membership in each of these groups affects an individual separately. This limitation is crucial when looking at data in this area. A brief illustration of this point is food insecurity and inextricably linked poverty rates. Some groups are more likely to be disadvantaged than others, reflecting class intersection with other social group memberships, such as ethnicity and household composition. An individual’s income and wealth have clear ties to whether that person is probable to be food-safe or food-insecure. Individuals in a capitalistic system need to buy food. People with lots of money are much more likely to eat a healthy, nutritious diet.
However, the poverty line is not perfect; there are secure food households with low incomes and food-insecure families with incomes just above the poverty threshold. Low-income households pay more for food because they have more minor “affordable food sources” and “reduced buying power” due to decreases in the value of federal assistance benefits and workforce participation in these services. Since most areas of the modern United States have a primary social welfare system and an urgent food network, a person who is vulnerable to food insecurity is likely to be dead from physical malnutrition. However, this does not assure households or people access to enough food to sustain their everyday lives.
The percentage of people who have both formal and informal assistance varies depending on their age. Individuals must earn less than a certain amount to be considered for social security benefits and most of the privately provided food assistance. The eligibility requirements for the urgent food network vary; some organizations need evidence, whereas others recognize desire using the stigmatization approach as proof. With so much emphasis on programs such as Meals on Wheels, this might come as a shock that communities with senior citizens had such a household food security rate of around 8%, which is significantly lower than the overall rate of 15%. However, the systemic problems that an elderly individual in the United States faces, like restricted physical ability and transportation concerns, can exacerbate household food security concerns for the elderly. Senior citizens are more likely to use emergency food assistance than that of the Food Stamp Program, which was recently renamed the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, due to stigma and confusion over regulations and eligibility.
Detail the Findings from the Focus Groups
Food Bank Focus Group
With an increased county footprint of 538,000 in 2020 from 400,000 people, Feeding America Eastern Wisconsin had to make some changes and adaptations due to the pandemic. Some of the adaptations they made were: We’ve had to make significantly more food purchases than previously. Members have ordered food 100% online; thus, online inventory pickups have moved to no contact pickups. So they are scheduled and under no contact for safety reasons, increased our door to door deliveries, meaning delivering from the food bank to the members who have ordered their food online, increasing the number of direct connect connections, a significant amount of funding. We were able to make food in infrastructure purchases, significantly support local agriculture and local producers by purchasing food from them, and increasing our agency capacity and infrastructure with that funding. Due to federal funding, they bought walk-in freezers and coolers, upgrade the inventory system, brought in laptops and hotspots for members so that they’re able to facilitate distributions better. The number of clients also doubled as in an average fiscal year, they distributed between 25 and 20 million pounds, but between March 2020 and February 2021, they distributed 51 million pounds. The only ways they have benefitted were gaining connections, receiving donors, impacting the community, and spreading their agenda. Some of the challenges they encounter include pressure on public data to make sure that a disaggregated they are getting data about race and gender about age is concrete to pinpoint how we can make a policy change. Most partners in the Civic response food workgroup look for a neutral party, someone that doesn’t come with a lot of politics and bias.
Food Pantry Focus Group
Friedan’s food pantries have been around for over 40 years. They had to adapt to COVID times through the Community Food Centre model that they are embracing. It promotes more holistic food programming and just building the community through food. This is through food rescue, food education, and wellness. The number of people they feed increased from 300 to 5321 after the pandemic. They have relied heavily on partnerships to do community outreach. During COVID, they have resulted in giving the community masks, sanitizers, and hand-washing stations. Clint visits also have increased after the pandemic. What has changed with the pandemic is that they started offering more nutritious foods and offering choices. Largely they depend on donor funds.
Housing Focus Group
People who are homeless are at increased risk of COVID-19. Homeless services are often provided in congregate settings, which could facilitate the spread of infection. Because many homeless people are older adults or have underlying medical conditions, they may also be at increased risk for severe illness. People who directly support people who are homeless are at increased risk of COVID-19 (Jiang & Dong, 2021). Homelessness in our community was already a critical issue—so how do we use this as an opportunity to learn more, improve, and, ultimately, end homelessness. Their activities included: reducing census at traditional shelters, hotels safe shelter for COVID+ clients, mobilization of PPEs, including masks, gloves, cleaning supplies transportation.
Prepared Meals Focus Group
Some of the adaptations they made were move from having sit-down lunches to packed takeaways. This was caused by theCOVID-19 pandemic whereby they had to adhere to social distancing and other rules. With one of their donors backing out due to COVID, they had to improvise and look for sustainable ways to continue with the program. This prompted them to buy supplies in bulk and ask for more donations. Other adaptations were they too up their upstart kitchen and changed it to a commercial kitchen for foodprenuers, they made a food distribution system that was not only homebound but secure for all parties involved.
There are various ways they have had to pivot. They include: staff working remotely, bought computers and equipment for everyone in order for a smooth transition, and they continued to foster better relations with different food pantries.
Youth Meals Focus Group
The Youth Meal program began in January. It was a strategic partnership between different organizations. Since many people were affected with job losses and health issues after the pandemic, the organizations sorted to educate the masses on nutrition as well as provide them with access to it. There were different meal plans for the Boys and Girls club and they also added supplements. Were it not for partnerships, the youth meal program would not have been a success. Organizations like Feeding America provided groceries. With funding from NGOs and USDA, they were able to accomplish their mission.
All the focus groups elated similar findings. The number of people benefiting from the food banks, pantries among others, has vastly increased. Various organizations have taken different approaches to the pandemic. Some of the approaches are: growing workforce, seek more donor funding, buy more produce from local markets, taken their service online due to the pandemic, more door-to-door deliveries, and provide protective equipment for the people that are sanitizers, facemasks, and hand-washing areas. The lack of most of these services would render a high percent food-deprived. From the clients/ organizations’ interviews, they revealed that for their efficiency, the overall impact is a valuable way to organize as well as trying to align a society when in an incident, mainly whenever there is a firm base of alliances and expertise, Productive stakeholders focus on the needs of the community instead of the priorities of particular institutions (Jiang & Dong, 2021). The urgency circumvents the minor and financial backers work actively with each other or with stakeholders and then use them. Another analysis to define hunger is that the issue is not food shortages but the distribution of food. American food sells unequally. Currently, U.S. hunger is more complicated than just a distribution problem since healthy food is available to everyone who has the opportunity or resources to access and purchase it physically. This highlights the importance of food distribution, food access, and economic processes affecting food access. Food access issues occur in a system linking food to purchasing power—hunger-generating social inequalities. The major challenge is that most donors only want to contribute to companies with zero ties with politics. This is often impossible as many of these food banks are supported by municipal and federal governments.
Analyzing the Milwaukee Covid-19 Response Team
The leadership team established several issues that would steer the plan over the first few weeks: (1) COVID-19 communication was also not accessing many of those in the area, particularly American Black and Hispanic inhabitants; (2) distribution channels for safety equipment (PPE), cleaning products, and food was damaged; (3) several daycares were at risk of closing; (4) software deficiencies and teaching capability were indeed a significant barrier to children’s learning; and (5) emergency shelters were nearly complete. The answer has prioritized racial equality. Black People and Hispanic / Latino residents have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19 and liability issues in Milwaukee, as in many other cities. The GMF dedicated toward a racial justice plan in 2016 and re-committed it to the North Star with their most recent strategic plan (Jiang & Dong, 2021). Gilligan believed that the Civic Response should focus on racial inequities. “Because the federal response is now standardized, which means inequitable, we are directing resources toward those who have been left aside, whose disparities have been exposed and compounded by this crisis.” The recent uprising and demonstrations in reaction to the police killing of George Floyd have highlighted the importance of confronting structural and systemic racism.
Over the first three months, the MKE Civic Task Force accomplished a lot, meeting pressing needs and defining important improvements to the structure. This project is advancing and changing so rapidly that maintaining power is equivalent, as one respondent said, to “cut images from a speed train.” The rapid execution and range of accomplishments is exceptional in a series focused on careful preparation. The main objective of the public health organization is to disseminate the COVID-19: to prevent dissemination, mitigate pain and anxiety, promote health and improve community resilience. As in many other cities, the focus was first on increasing research, touch monitoring and supply of personal protective equipment (Schmitz, 2014). Dr John Meurer, Pediatric and Environmental Health Professor at the Medical College of Wisconsin, co-levels the project with Clare Reardon, a network of health services, government programs and organizations committed to delivering healthcare to the most vulnerable (Jiang & Dong, 2021). They lead groups in locally broken up data every week, report grants of public and private resources, help extend screening and treatment, and build interactions in multicultural and bilingual ways to encourage screening and mitigation.
One of the most important successes to date has been to provide the disadvantaged populations and healthcare systems with personal protective equipment (PPE). Several companies have set up hand sanitization systems for shelters, meals, and daycare and health facilities. Six 55-gallon disinfectant containers were donated by Hydrite Chemical Co., and the United Way purchased containers and arranged volunteer reception and distribution. Another important opportunity came when a maker of industrial wipes, Rebel Converting, offered material that could produce millions of surgical masks (Schmitz, 2014). Gina Stilp, the Director General of the Zilber Family Foundation and Co-chairman of the Food Committee, has helped organize the details of #MaskUpMKE now, including a public relations campaign, the Fiserv Forum’s Milwaukee Buck, a major United Way volunteer initiative and the Wisconsin medical school mask distribution (Jiang & Dong, 2021). After assembling a million masks, they increased the industry to 3.5 million masks.
The general medical team claims that combating determinants of health like poverty, accommodation, and prejudice would be essential to enhancing healthcare, even though they were worried about Medicare for the growing number of unemployed people. In the future, they intend to increase Protective clothing, digital access, and telehealth for disadvantaged populations and support for community health centers, mental health resources, and Medicaid funding and exemptions that will allow for more and more flexible treatment. They also call for increased funding for the county’s Unified Emergency Operations Center, coordinating testing, disease surveillance, communications, and eventual vaccine delivery (Jiang & Dong, 2021).
The well-being of the mind
First efforts were focused on recovery, particularly the security of Medicaid telehealth exemptions. However, the team acknowledged the common fears of a coronavirus and its important health and economic effects on colorful people. “We started hearing they were afraid of life because they could not be given EPP screening or primary care,” says Martina Gollin-Graves, CEO and one of the founders of Behavioral Health America Wisconsin. “The African Americans have a degree of mistrust with organizations which do not have confidence that they are best interests,” said Frank Cumberbatch, vice president of commitment and philanthropy of Bader Philanthropies (Zhu et al., 2020). Individuals are either not notified or bombarded with messages of dispute. As a result, people are reluctant to pursue their own diagnosis.”
They plan to focus on three specific needs in the next step on organizations and local councils. Firstly, expand mobile outreach programs, incorporating initiatives such as fresh food, legal assistance and health care throughout the county. Second, work with 140 local youth explorers and enable them to collect data in order to deploy services and support them effectively with software (Jiang & Dong, 2021). Finally, they will seek to raise the level of quality mental health services in the region.
Early Childhood Learning
Milwaukee’s achievements have a very thriving network dedicated to early learning, so Danae Davis was ready to transfer this work. She co-leaded Daria Auditorium from the Wisconsin Partnership. Milwaukee shed another of its childcare ability in March, risking losing even more. The group immediately recognized three priorities: (1) consolidate the field, particularly for minority children in minimal and low-income workers; (2) meet the needs of EPP centers; and (3) support the mental well-being of children’s needs, parents, and providers (Schmitz, 2014).
Early on, a controversy erupted about prioritizing supporting higher-quality childcare providers over simply the number of available slots in marginalized communities. “Value is the protracted strategic approach,” Davis says. Still, they used disaster response funds and a federal fund to administer miniature funding to 140 daycares in five zip codes inhabited by reduced African American and Latina families. Part of the resources was allocated to in-home childcare and the other portion to center-based healthcare. They also provided personal protective equipment (PPE) such as masks, 75 gallons of sanitizer, 1,000 infrared thermometers, 100,000 diapers, and tons of household cleaners to local centers.
City health department staff and the Wisconsin Department for Children and Families serve on the team, which allowed collaboration to create recommendations and educate providers on healthy reopening. The team has collaborated with SaintA, a foster care and mental well-being agency, to offer workshops to help children, families, and staff mental health needs. Now, as they continue to work to ensure access to PPE and mental health, they have added another priority: helping childcare providers to “recover and eventually succeed in providing academic, social and developmental needs for children.” Across the country, students’ transition to virtual learning was a huge challenge for students, families, and teachers. The K-12 team focused on digital access, literacy, instruction and learning, summer learning, and parent support. Lauren Feaster, teach for America’s chief of staff, and Milwaukee Succeeds’ Clintel Hasan helped lead the coalition that includes public, charters, and choice schools serving Milwaukee children.
The move to online education revealed our nation and communities’ digital divide. Public schools in Milwaukee were able to distribute Chromebooks to students, but many lacked access. The United Way and Milwaukee Public Library have provided families with Wi-Fi hot spots and worked on getting more out before School starts in the fall. They have partnered with Milwaukee Public Schools to create and encourage a four-week summer learning academy that will provide students with a combination of reading, math, and physical activity.
As the school district decides on a reopening strategy, the committee is proactively engaged on many fronts. First, ensure that every child has a laptop and Internet access. Second, collaborating with educators to create high-quality interactive instruction through the advancement of new technologies, licenses, curriculums, and professional development. Third, ensuring that parents have actionable tools to help their children’s learning and that schools are meeting standards. Finally, ensuring that schools are ready to reopen safely with adequate PPE, cleaning supplies, and routines.
On March 12, Rafael Acevedo, who oversees the city’s HUD-funded Continuum of Care initiative, hosted a 21-shelter network meeting and invited a health department colleague to exchange details COVID-19. As they absorbed the facts, the group extended their meeting, realizing they had to act quickly to ensure that homeless people—and the workers serving them—were safe. The highest Priorities will be to decompress shelters (many of them close to capacity), provide adequate PPE, and provide treatment for infected individuals. Nicole Angresano and Jim Mathy from County Housing Division joined Acevedo to help lead this agenda.
With the massive increase in unemployment, prevention is now a significant concern. After the eviction moratorium expired on June 1, 566 lawsuits brought a 44 percent raise over 2019? A coalition of organizations established a Housing Resource Center to organize rental assistance, and eviction security was accelerated with new federal, state, and local funding. The team also hopes to keep and use HUD exemptions that allow for greater flexibility in rental assistance and permanent housing efforts (Jiang & Dong, 2021). They have also used philanthropy in novel ways. Rather than organizing programs around a network of funding sources, they prioritized needs, stacked existing funding streams on top of them, and then established where philanthropy would fill holes.
The team intends to make several framework improvements. They suggest that the city employs a permanent Food Systems policy officer. They are developing a technology framework for inventory management and distribution in organizations. Stilp argues that food systems, in particular, need improved customer input. “We began by mapping food availability in key communities, but we soon heard from residents about access obstacles that many of us had not considered.” They have requested exemptions from the USDA and other agencies and supplemental funding to ensure that children, adults, and seniors have access to adequate meals. They also want SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) to be approved at farmers’ markets and by prepared meal and grocery delivery services.
Lessons from the Milwaukee case study
It takes effort from the federal government, local government, and non-governmental organizations to maintain a secure food country. Nonetheless, various groups, that are the minorities, have it worse when it comes to food security, thus using food banks and pantries. Efforts such as the ones done above help in curbing the situation. Also, the study reveals that when all other social needs are met, such as physical health, mental health, early childhood education, K-12 education, shelter, food, and economic recovery, the food crises will cease to exist. Thus, all institutions should seek to better these aspects for food security.
This analysis, like so much social research, has both weaknesses and strengths. One of its advantages is that I could explore one emergency food network’s intricacies and social background in great detail by planning an in-depth exploration of it. Within a single network, I was able to meet and interview a large number of local players. One of the study’s shortcomings is that it mainly focused on food insecurity among minorities, which was only one area of investigation. This is because disasters strike cities and places all over the world.
During this covid-19 period, food insecurity has gone on the rise. Food banks and pantries have come to the aid of many of these families. From the data collected, it is essential to note that this is only efficient with help from various bodies such as local governments, federal governments, and NGOs. In other words, as part of an investigation that represents an awareness of the interrelationship between consuming food and the backgrounds and frameworks of our financial, governmental, and welfare structures, the issue as to people are starving should be addressed. The U.S. structurally creates hunger experiences. Food protection and the opportunity to buy and eat a balanced, adequate diet are experiences organized by ethnicity, caste, sexuality, generation, country, and family structure, among other structures.
Maybe it is necessary to reposition anti-hunger efforts within a more significant social justice movement. Understanding the hunger-food-insecurity relationship with other inequality mechanisms is crucial. The interconnectedness of these topics seems challenging to disregard and often overlooked. Capitalism causes inequality. The U.S. social security system was partly developed but inadequately to solve the survival problems in the capitalistic economy. Both non-profits and networks that deal with emergency food networks are established to resolve the societal service disparities.
If the costs of housing, medical care, education, food products, and necessities were subsidized, it would be easier for families to cater to their nutrition during the pandemic. With emergency relief, subsidized prices on commodities and implementations such as silos would enable food security. Collaborations between relevant bodies in curbing social factors that contribute to food insecurity should be embraced.
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