The patient should be able to improve within two weeks. Some signs should might be am improve in his work, exercise, hobbies, intellectual pursuits, as well improve sleep. 3When using Zoloft, the level of awareness should improve. It must be noted that the patient is back on track with motivation to follow his normal activities and relate well with associates (Flint & Rifat, 2013).
3 Expected outcome after the use of Zoloft 25mg is the patient will see improvement in his mental capability and importantly that there was no side effect of the medication.The patient revisited after four weeks on his follow up appointment and reported of a decrease in the symptoms, but with a complain of sexual dysfunction and insomnia. The difference in the expected result and the outcome may be reason out that the body of the patient is trying to adjust to the medication while solving the problem of MDD (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2017).
Selected Decision: 1 Augmenting agent such as Wellbutrin XL 100 mg in morning
3 The added augmenting agent such as Wellbutrin XL150mg in morning was because the patient has some complain of having decrease sex drive, impotence, or difficulty in having an orgasm and sleep problem (insomnia). Bupropion is an antidepressant with excellent tolerability in elderly person improve depression, insomnia, somatic symptoms, work functioning, and certain quality-of-life measures in elderly depressed subjects with medical disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Though, patient verbalized decrease in the depression symptoms because of using Zoloft, but because of decrease sex drive and insomnia, Zoloft will be decrease to 12.5mg orally every day and continue to watch for side effects, like suicidal tendency in the elderly, and complain about ejaculatory and sexual dysfunction (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
3 With the combination of using Wellbutrin and Zoloft, it is still expected to see the patient to continue to experience reduction in depression symptom. The therapeutic effect should be observable which will motivate and encourage the patient.
3 The expected outcome after four weeks visitation is that the therapeutic effect of the medication will be clear and no more report of adverse reaction, that shows patient is tolerating the medications as agree. The actual result was that the patient report that there was more reduction in the MDD symptom and improved in the side effect which is insomnia and sexual dysfunction.
3 The desire result was not obtained in the second stage though the patient observe reduction in the symptom of MDD, but the resulting side effect is not reducing or eliminated. Wellbutrin XL can help to reduce depression and remove most of the side effect of Zoloft (Mangoni, & Jackson, 2004), also this will help attain therapeutic effect with his symptoms until his next appointment to evaluate response to therapy (Mangoni, & Jackson, 2004). The patient will have to be monitor closely because of the medication adjustment side effect, the suicidal tendency (Mangoni, & Jackson, 2004).
3 At this point the patient is anticipated to experience close to zero symptom of major depressive disorder without any side effect, the sleeping problem or insomnia, sexual dysfunction. He is also expected to have good interaction with neighbor and friends.
Wellbutrin 150mg XL, there is a solution in the treatment of the patient with MDD, (Laureate Education, 2016). 3 When the medication is working well with no side effect, patient will continue with Wellbutrin XL 150mg orally daily dose and will be re-evaluated during the next appointment, medication can be increase if there is a reduction in symptoms to achieved desired maximum therapeutic effect. The actual result from the patient is that the medication is achieving the therapeutic effect that is needed by the patient (Mangoni, & Jackson, 2004).
3 Ethical Considerations on treatment plan of a psychiatry patients can be complicated which can arise from plan therapy. Addressing the side effects of medications should be the most important in the plan of this therapy which include suicidal tendencies, dosage adjustment and close monitoring for effects (Flint & Rifat, 2013. Some drugs can cause patients to have suicidal tendencies (Flint & Rifat, 2013. Ethically there are sometimes practitioner are being influence by the health insurance of the patient, that is it easier to have a claim for drug treatment than physical therapy, therefore the health professional will choose to go the route of drug treatment. In all consideration the beneficence and no maleficence principles must be observe, the best treatment and best drug that sooth the patient must be administered.
When treating patients, we must understand that some drugs are good for a patient but the side effect on the patient might be grave. A careful treatment and monitoring of patients is important for total healing (NAMI National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2017).
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Flint, A. 3 J., & Rifat, S. L. (2013). 5 The effect of sequential antidepressant treatment on
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Laureate Education. (2016g). Case study: 1 An elderly Hispanic man with major depressive
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Treat? Retrieved from: 7 https://www.nami.org/learn-more/treatment/mental-health-medications/sertraline-(Zoloft)
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