Intimate Partner Violence
Read Case 4: Research on Intimate Partner Violence and the Duty to Protect on pages 359-360 in your textbook. Once you have read the case study completely, answer the discussion questions found in the attached document “Case 4” under the assignment tab.
While APA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
You are not required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.
PSY-510 Contemporary and Ethical Issues in Psychology
Research on Intimate Partner Violence and the Duty to Protect
Directions: In a minimum of 50 words, for each question, thoroughly answer each of the questions below regarding Case 4: Research on Intimate Partner Violence and the Duty to Protect. Use one to two scholarly resources to support your answers. Use in-text citations, when appropriate, according to APA formatting.
Case 4. Research on Intimate Partner Violence and the Duty to ProtectDr. Daniela Yeung, a community psychologist, has been conducting a federally funded ethnographic study of men’s attitudes toward intimate partner violence following conviction and release from prison for spousal abuse. Over the course of a year, she has had individual monthly interviews with 25 participants while they were in jail and following their release. Aiden, a 35-year-old male parolee convicted of seriously injur-ing his wife, has been interviewed by Dr. Yeung on eight occasions. The interviews have covered a range of personal topics including Aiden’s problem drinking, which is marked by blackouts and threatening phone calls made to his parents and girlfriend when he becomes drunk, usually in the evening. To her knowledge, Aiden has never followed through on these threats. It is clear that Aiden feels very comfortable discuss-ing his life with Dr. Yeung.
One evening Dr. Yeung checks her answering machine and finds a message from Aiden. His words are slurred and angry: “Now that you know the truth about what I am you know that there is nothing you can do to help the evil inside me. The bottle is my savior and I will end this with them tonight.” Each time she calls Aiden’s home phone she gets a busy signal.Ethical DilemmaDr. Yeung has Aiden’s address, and after 2 hours, she is considering whether or not to contact emergency services to go to Aiden’s home or to the homes of his parents and girlfriend. 360——DECODING THE ETHICS CODEDiscussion Questions 1. Why is this an ethical dilemma? Which APA Ethical Principles help frame the nature of the dilemma? 2. Who are the stakeholders and how will they be affected by how Dr. Yeung resolves this dilemma? 3.
Does this situation meet the standards set by the Tarasoff decision’s “duty to protect” statute (see Chapter 7)? How might whether or not Dr. Yeung’s state includes researchers under such a statute influence Dr. Yeung’s ethical decision making? How might the fact that Dr. Yeung is a research psychologist without training or licensure in clinical practice influence the ethical decision? 4. In addressing this dilemma, should Dr. Yeung consider how her decision may affect the completion of her research (e.g., the confidentiality concerns of other participants)? 5. How are APA Ethical Standards 2.01f, 3.04, 3.06, 4.01, 4.02, 4.05, and 8.01 relevant to this case? Which other standards might apply? 6. What are Dr. Yeung’s ethical alternatives for resolving this dilemma? Which alternative best reflects the Ethics Code aspirational principles and enforceable standards, legal standards, and obligations to stakeholders? Can you identify the ethical theory (discussed in Chapter 3) guiding your decision? 7. What steps should Dr. Yeung take to implement her decision and monitor its effect?Suggested ReadingsAppelbaum, P., & Rosenbaum, A. (1989). Tarasoff and the researcher: Does the duty to protect apply in the research setting? American Psychologist, 44(6), 885–894.Fisher, C. B., Oransky, M., Mahadevan, M., Singer, M., Mirhej, G., & Hodge, G. D. (2009). Do drug abuse researchers have a duty to protect third parties from HIV transmission?
Moral perspectives of street drug users. In D. Buchanan, C. B. Fisher, & L. Gable (Eds.), Research with high-risk populations: Balancing science, ethics, and law (pp. 189–206). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Gable, L. (2009). Legal challenges raised by non-intervention research conducted under high-risk circumstances. In D. Buchanan, C. B. Fisher, & L. Gable (Eds.). Research with high-risk populations: Balancing science, ethics, and law (pp. 47–74). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Jordan, C. E., Campbell, R., & Follingstad, D. (2010). Violence and women’s mental health: The impact of physical, sexual, & psychological aggression.
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 6, 607–628. Appendix B——361Case 5. Web-Based Advertising for a Community Program Development and Evaluation Consulting ServiceDr. Martin Lux, an applied developmental psychologist, has created his own com-munity consultation and program evaluation business. He specializes in helping communities and service organizations set up day care programs for children aged 1 to 3 years. He wants to advertise his services on the Internet and is beginning to develop the following plan: a. To gain maximum exposure on search engines like Google he will name the website “SuccessfulDayCarePrograms.org.” b. He also thinks it would be a service to potential community clients to set up links on his website to other online information about infant mental health and social and legal services available in different communities where he might find community clients. c. He is currently under contract with a city agency. He helped them design a day care program for children of employees and is now in the process of evaluating its first year of implementation. He would like to ask a few parents whose children go to the day care program to endorse his new consultation service. He would use a picture of the parent and place their endorsement in quotes under the picture. d. He will also create a question and answer blog linked to the website. Individuals can write in questions to the blog about their preschool child’s development (e.g., toilet training, language development, social develop-ment, “terrible twos,” etc.), and he would respond with written answers
.Ethical DilemmaAlthough Dr. Lux is aware that he will have to ensure his website and blog have appropriate firewalls and other privacy and security safeguards, he is unsure whether this plan requires additional ethical considerations.Discussion Questions 1. Identify an ethical challenge for each element (a–d) of his advertising plan. Which APA Ethical Principles best help understand why these elements may create ethical problems? 2. Who are the stakeholders in the advertising plan and how will they be affected by how Dr. Lux handles each of the advertising elements? 362——DECODING THE ETHICS CODE 3. Is the name of Dr. Lux’s website potentially misleading? What ethical respon-sibilities does he have when he creates the website and after he sets up links to other service websites? 4
. Will the parents of children in the city day care center feel free to refuse Dr. Lux’s invitation to provide a testimonial? What professional risks and ethical problems might Dr. Lux have when answering individual parent’s questions on his blog? 5. How are APA Ethical Standards 2.01b, 2.04, 3.05a, 3.06, 3.08, 5.01, 5.04, and 5.05 relevant to this case? 6. For each aspect of the plan (a–d), generate ethical alternatives for creating an effective and ethical website to advertise Dr. Lux’s new community consulta-tion service. Which alternative best reflects the Ethics Code aspirational principles and enforceable standards, legal standards, and obligations to stakeholders? Can you identify the ethical theory (discussed in Chapter 3) guiding your decision? 7. What steps should Dr. Lux take to ethically implement his advertising plan and monitor its effect?Suggested ReadingsHeinlen, K., Welfel, T., Reynolds, E., Richmond, E., & O’Donnell, M. S. (2003). The nature, scope, and ethics of psychologists’ e-therapy web sites: What consumers find when surfing the web. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 40, 112–124.McGarrah, N. A., Baker, A., Martinem J. N., & Haldeman, D. C. (2009). In the public eye: The ethical practice of media psychology. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 40, 172–180.Nicholson, I. R. (2011). New technology, old issues: Demonstrating the relevance of the Canadian Code of Ethics for Psychologists to the ever-sharper cutting edge of technology. Canadian Psychology, 52, 215–224.Shaw, H. E., & Shaw, S. H. (2006). Critical ethical issues in online counseling: Assessing current practices with an ethical intent checklist. Journal of Counseling & Development,