Introduction to Civilization
Unit 1 Examination
. 13) The use of ceramics is usually an indicator that the owners were: A) village dwellers. B) nomadic. C) traders. D) relatively unskilled.
. 14) The earliest staple crops in central India included: A) rice. B) legumes. C) yams. D) gourds.
. 15) Of the following, which is located farthest from the Fertile Crescent? A) western Iranian plateau B) Red Sea C) Mediterranean Sea D) Tigris River
. 16) Urbanization began latest: A) along the Indus River. B) along the Niger River. C) along the Nile River. D) in Mesopotamia.
. 17) The Sumerians: A) were eventually displaced by the Ubaid peoples. B) dominated Mesopotamia for nearly a millennium. C) originally came from Northern Africa. D) were eventually conquered by Alexander the Great.
. 18) The city-states of Mesopotamia were especially vulnerable due to: A) inability to grow enough food to adequately feed their populations. B) inter-urban warfare. C) their lack of organized armies. D) powerful external enemies.
. 19) In Sumer after about 2800 B.C.E., members of this group ruled in conjunction with kings: A) rich artisans. B) temple priests. C) large landowners. D) peasants’ representatives.
GED 130 Introduction to Civilization
Unit 1 Examination
. 20) The economies of the villages that developed along the Nile River were based on: A) cereal agriculture. B) commercial trade. C) warfare. D) fishing.
. 21) In ancient Egypt: A) the Red Sea was to the north. B) Nubia was to the south. C) most pyramids were located near the fifth cataract. D) Upper Egypt was to the north.
. 22) The Rosetta Stone: A) did not have its significance recognized until the mid-twentieth century. B) contains three types of writing. C) was found in the Valley of the Kings in southern Egypt. D) was discovered by an expedition led by Richelieu.
. 23) Horus: A) became the main god of the pharaohs. B) represented the southern portion of Egypt. C) ruled the underworld. D) was the father of Osiris.
. 24) The early twentieth century excavations of the Harappan civilization in the Indus valley reveal that it likely: A) had many small towns, but no cities. B) began around 4500 B.C.E. C) was originated by Aryan immigrants from Persia. D) developed independently from civilizations in Mesopotamia.
. 25) Which of the following is NOT one of the four legacies of Harappa described in the text?
. A) Aryan invaders adopted some of the Indus valley agricultural techniques.
. B) Aryan invaders may have adopted some religious ideas of the Indus valley civilization.
. C) Aryan invaders adopted some of the settlement characteristics of the Indus valley civilization.
. D) Aryan invaders nearly completely destroyed the Indus valley civilization.