One of the major differences between animals and humans is that animals cannot express emotions by talking. Even then, the animal doesn’t have to be able to talk for us to know that it is in pain. Taking advantage of an organism by inflicting pain upon it just because it cannot verbally express the pain is a heinous act. It is incredibly depressing and selfish to use an animal for the sake of experimenting on it so we, humans, can have a cure for diseases and illnesses. With the advancement in technology, there are ways now that animal testing can be avoided. This further verifies that there is no need for animal testing anymore, especially in times like this where technology can make anything possible.
Humans are both selfish and selfless; kind and cruel. There are things that may seem meaningless to others but because it holds deep emotional meaning to some people it has the tendency to move them psychologically. Yet when it comes to the emotional state of other people these same people will completely ignore it and don’t think twice before hurting them. This goes to show to what extent someone can be selfish. If a human hurting doesn’t bother them, then animals who can’t even protest verbally and openly, have it worse. No one’s there to hold humans accountable for what is being done to the animals. This is one reason experimenting on animals is still taking place. Human mind is a complex thing; there’s no one way to understand it. Not just that, no one has been even close to fully understand it. There are questions no one has the answer to. Why do people murder? Why do people commit crimes, or inflict pain upon other people and animals? Is it all a part of God’s plan or is it a personal choice? Nobody knows the answer to questions like these but these questions are a proof that a fundamental human nature exists. Sometimes, they are driven by curiosity; the curiosity to discover and then create. The motive behind killing animals may be to help humans grow and survive, but this is a goal that puts the lives of innocent animals at stake.
Humans treat animals according to how beneficial they can be. Everyone loves their pet(s) to the point they’d do anything to save them from a disease or to find their missing pet. Their relationship with an animal depends on what the animal can do for them. Mice and rats are thought to be pests.
Animals respond to pain just like humans do. In fact, animals share genetic, neuroanatomical and physiological similarities with humans. Just like humans, they also experience different kinds of depression. With advanced technology, a lot of researchers are trying to avoid using animals and instead are relying on human cells or tissues. For example, Dr. Susan Love Research has urged scientists to include women in their research instead of animals because it is more effective to understand what increases the chances of getting breast cancer and how to prevent it will result in lesser women getting breast cancer. Using this method, a national project took place in 2002 which was funded by National Institutes of Health and National Institutes of Environmental Health to study the effects of environment and genes on breast cancer. This research wouldn’t have been possible with animal research. Studies that are based on prevention of diseases profits both animals and humans (PlosOne, 2011)
As mentioned earlier, innovative technology has increased the chances of leaving behind the practice of experimenting on animals and instead doing research with actual human skin or tissues. Scientists have been trying to create human tissues for years but none of the inventions have turned out to be close enough to be used by companies to experiment on. Two scientists Dr. Robyn Hickerson and Dr. Michael Conneely were successfully able to grow human skin that behaves almost exactly like human skin. What makes this discovery better is that this time the human tissues stretch and tense just like a human skin does. This way, pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies can now experiment on actual human skin which makes the process even better because it is a given fact that animals don’t function in the same way as humans (Times, 2020). There’s always a chance that humans may react to it negatively. In fact, a lot of experiments don’t even promise a positive result for the method to be done on humans. It takes a lot of trial and error, which is understandable because inventions that involve lives of people cannot be done in one go. Repeating an experiment also requires a different animal and thus one experiment may use multiple rats just to get an average result. These are of two types, replication and duplication.
However, it is the animals that have to pay a price for the sake of our health, and sometimes just so we can look good. The worst part is that the animals don’t just die while being experimented on, testing includes all kinds of torment one can think of. Sometimes they are starved, deprived of food for a very long period, injected with various chemicals, force-fed substances that aren’t edible and are even put through pain stimulation.