Poverty is a big challenge to many especially to families, parents and children. It is hard for a parent to provide not everything, but the only the basic need if they only have a limited source of income, in some cases, nothing at all. Parents are placed in a lot of pressure and stress and because of this, parenting and children are being affected. Some effects of poverty to children are improper discipline and maltreatment, children’s involvement in education (Katz I., Corlyon J., La Placha V., & Hunter S., n.d.), health and nutrition and socialization with other children.
Because of parents being under pressure, it’s affecting their patience and temper when their child is asking and insisting for something that they can’t provide. They are in short fuse and tend to do physical punishment like spanking (Katz I., Corlyon J., La Placha V., & Hunter S., n.d.). Child abuse in families living in poverty is higher than families who live in wealthier environment (Katz I., Corlyon J., La Placha V., & Hunter S., n.d.). Due to poverty, parents are having a hard time or sometimes are failing to send their children to school in time (Katz I., Corlyon J., La Placha V., & Hunter S., n.d.). Because of this, child development especially in academic is being delayed. The lack of education and knowledge they need, social interaction to other children is at risk. One of the most concerning topics of poverty is child’s health. Children who are exposed in poverty at an early age is more prone to long-term consequences.
Parents with limited income fail to provide the right food for their children which results to obesity or malnourished child (Marino S., 2019). In addition, prenatal exposed in poverty are more likely to develop chronic illness like asthma (Marino S., 2019) as the mother cannot have the right food and supplements during pregnancy. Poverty also has an effect in children’s social development. Children who live in poverty are being isolated to other children due to many factors (Ahmed ZS., n.d.). They don’t have what other kids have (materially), knowledge (due to not being in school), etc. They are being left out with other children and this is becoming a challenge to parents who wants the best for their children.
Poverty is an ongoing issue to most places and a huge challenge to parents and family. It causes a lot of negative things to both parents and children. It affects parenting style, trying to figure out how are they going to survive in a day, health concern of their child and educational attainment of their including social development. Effects on children are not having proper nutrition, unable to go attend school, isolated with other children and child abuse. Government is working hard to eliminate poverty (Marino S., 2019), there are other organizations who’s willing to offer a hand to societies and communities having poverty problem.
Ahmed ZS. (n.d.). Poverty, Family Stress & Parenting. Retrieved from http://www.humiliationstudies.org/documents/AhmedPovertyFamilyStressParenting.pdf
Katz I., Corlyon J., La Placha V., & Hunter S. (n.d.). The relationship between parenting and poverty. Retrieved from https://www.jrf.org.uk/sites/default/files/jrf/migrated/files/parenting-poverty.pdf
Marino S. (2019, April 1). Effects of Poverty in Children. Retrieved from Focus for Health: https://www.focusforhealth.org/effects-poverty-on-children/