1. Marxist Historiography has five different stages. The first stage is Primitive Communism, People at this stage use hunting as raw meat, which is the most important asset. The second stage is Oriental Slavery, the agricultural development began, and people willing to fight elsewhere and take slaves to cultivate for themselves. The most valuable is the slave. The third stage is Feudalism, serfs or peasants serve for their king and pay the rent or tax. Capitalism is the four-stage, the most important asset is money. The five-stage is Communism, for this stage that no more private ownership and it will be a world of peace and no war.
2. Base on Marxist Historiography lecture, the era of Yulian’s life is very important to the family. She listens to her family’s arrangements to get married and takes care of her husband’s family after marriage. So I think Yulian is in the third stage of the Marxism Feudalism stage because people at this stage serve the king, they obedient and obey the rules. Yulian’s life all follow her husband’s family and obey her family. Jia Jia emphasized that she has money from the beginning of the film. Anything she wants that she just use money to get it. All Jia Jia thinks that she can buy it with money. Therefore, Jia Jia is the fourth stage Capitalism stage in Marxism.
3. On the stage of Yulian so be Feudalism. Yulian represents a woman who is loyal to the family. Her husband’s family is most important for her, although her husband married another woman but she didn’t say anything just accept it. She did everything for her husband’s family and does not complain. Her only job is to take care of her husband’s family and to ensure that her husband’s family works well and follows the orders of everyone in the family. About Jia Jia’s stage, I think the most valuable aspect of capitalism is money, so she can do anything to have money and have a better material life. Jia Jia wants to have more money and even marry her boyfriend. She goes to the United States to have a baby because it can bring a lot of money to her. Compare Jia Jia and Yulian, Jia Jia has more freedom. Unlike Yulian, Jia Jia is free to choose and decide the life she wants.
The culture is not permanently fixed. From the era of Yulian, it can be seen that traditional culture is like a woman who relies on men to live with men. For men wealth as a symbol. However, the era changes. Jia Jia represents a modern woman. She has her own ideas. She can decide her own life. Therefore, culture can be changed and it’s not permanently fixed.