1. On abortion: Steinbeck bases her defense of the morality of abortion on the “interest view,” and makes a strong argument against the anti-abortionist “potentiality argument.” On the on the other hand, thinking he has overcome the “interest view” and the “potentiality argument,” Don Marquis argues that abortion is immoral. Steinbeck disagrees. Explain the issues involved in the “interest view’ and the “potentiality argument.”
2. Freedom: Discuss the different ways in which freedom and determinism are compatible and incompatible
3. On the death penalty: In our discussion of the death penalty, Bright emphasized (among other reasons) the failures of the system to argue against death penalty, while Pojman focused on the importance of “retribution” and “deterrence.” Explain the argument you find more persuasive?
4. Gun Control: Explain how the notions of right and harm affect the two views of gun control that we have seen this semester.
5. Animal rights: Peter Singer and Posner agree that the animal industry should
revise their policies regarding animal welfare but they strongly disagree
regarding how we should relate to animals in general. Discuss the differences between these two authors regarding the status of animals and animal welfare.
6. Prostitution: Ericsson’s interpretation of prostitution is based on the contractarian liberal idea of individualism, equality and free market sexuality to sexual life, but Carole Pateman thinks that he has misunderstood the problem. Why does she say that? Answer the question using the terminology involved in the discussion.