A traditional Irish band formed in Dublin in November 1962, by Paddy Moloney – uilleann pipes, Sean Potts – tin whistle, and Michael Tubridy – flute.
Complete the following Chapter 9 Music Journal and save it in WORD (.docx).
Attach a file of your Chapter 9 Music Journal Responses (provide a copy/paste into the text box as a back up) and submit with your responses to the Chapter 10 Music Journal in the same file as well.
The Chapter 9 Objectives
In this chapter students will learn about:
· Historical and cultural context behind the development of Irish traditional music
· Three major styles of Irish music: traditional, neo-traditional, and post-traditional
· Instruments of Irish music (as well as selected vocal traditions)
· Major practitioners of the major styles, including Seamus Ennis, Sean Ó’Riada and Ceoltóirí Cualann, The Chieftains, Planxty, Altan, and Eileen Ivers.
· The effects of the Irish diaspora on the development of pan-Irish musical styles
Through centuries of struggle against British control and changing social, political, and cultural conditions, Irish music—particularly traditional Irish dance music—served as a centerpiece of Irish identity and social life. However much some elements of Irish music were transformed by contact with other cultures during the Irish diaspora, dance tune forms, medley-based musical designs, instruments, and rhythms remained essentially the same.
Following an overview of Irish history and Irish music, this chapter traces the evolutions and transformations of Irish dance music from its most traditional styles of the early 20th century through the Irish music revival, neo-traditional and post-traditional, since the 1960s. Case studies focusing on major practitioners guide students through this musical journey, which though focused mainly on the dance tune tradition also encompasses key dimensions of Irish vocal music including sean nós.
Our Chapter 9 Music Journal
Part 1: The Informative Contents
The following series of activities is designed to provide a basic understanding of Irish music, a repertoire of terms of musical sounds for use in discussions of Irish music, and charts to allow quick identification of characteristics and sounds.
1. Listen to the three performances heard back-to-back on Online Musical Illustration #24 http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073526649/student_view0/musical_illustrations.html Links to an external site. and use the following chart to make comments and observations about the style, instrumentation, melodic patterns, rhythm, texture, etc. of the examples. Note: Each of the three audio clips is a treatment of one characteristic Irish melodic figure.
|Instrumentation (Instruments you notice being used)||Comments/Observations|
· Next, listen to the examples of dance rhythms, scale types, and ornamentations typically heard in Irish traditional music in the Musical Guided Tour (Irish Traditional Dance Tunes) at the Online Learning Center, http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073526649/student_view0/musical_guided_tours.htmlLinks to an external site.
· Read and follow along with the audio on page 165 to become familiar with these stylistic traits and learn to recognize them in listening exercises throughout this chapter and when listening to other examples of Irish music.
· Read the Irish Music and Celtic Music and Cultures section (“Insights and Perspectives” box, page 169).
· As you listen to the recordings for this chapter notice the six unifying characteristics found in Irish music.
1. Prevalence of melodies based on specific scales and modes (major, Dorian, Mixolydian)
2. Identifiable styles of melodic ornamentation
3. Use of certain types of instruments (fiddles, pipes, flutes)
4. Dance tunes based on common dance rhythms (usually in duple or four-beat meters)
5. Standard forms for songs and dance tunes (e.g. AABB forms for dance tunes)
6. A close integration of music making with dancing
2. Scan through the chapter and identify instruments used in Irish traditional music. Complete the chart below including descriptions of the instruments, musical styles in which they are used, and comments about timbre or other characteristics that may aid in identifying a particular instrument when listening to Irish music. Other instruments beyond those on the list below may be added as well.
|Instrument||Description||Styles of Music the Instrument is used in||Comments
Irish Music in Context
Read the introductory information on Irish music (pages 157-160), the section on Irish Music in Context (Pages 160-162), and An Introduction to Irish Traditional Music (pages 162-164). Provide a brief response to the following questions of the historical and cultural issues surrounding the development of Irish traditional music.
3. What impact did the Irish potato famine have on the struggle for independence from Britain?
4. Identify the five main categories of Irish traditional music.
5. What are the most common forms of Irish dance music?
6. Explain the difference between a Session and a Ceílí.