Need for Psychiatry
The growing evidence proves that with the advanced life-threatening illnesses, there is an increase in the psychosocial and psychiatric issues. The need for a psychiatric in palliative care also increases with the advancement of the acute and complex issues that result in threatening illnesses (Knopf & Head, 2012). With the need to care for the patients and their families. Despite the expertise and capability of the professionals involved in providing the care services, including most of the psychiatric issues, they still do not have the best understanding of assessing analyzing, as well as managing the complex psychiatric issues (Breitbart & Dickerman, 2008). As a result, the psychiatrists are required to help in such issues. Macleod (2013) argues that it is difficult for the care providers to identify depression among the patients suffering from terminal diseases. As a result, if they are not recognized in time, they lead to a reduced life expectancy.
The Scope of Palliative Care in Psychiatry
As defined by WHO (2014), Palliative Psychiatry is the approach used by the healthcare practitioners to increase the worth of the life of patients as well as supporting both the patients and the family in facing the problems brought about by the threatening and persistent severe mental illness. It involves the ensuring relief and prevention of the sufferings through the treatment and assessment of mental, physical, social, and even the spiritual state of the patients (Stoddard et al., 2011). Besides, it focuses on avoiding and reducing the burden associated with the mental problems. Essentially, it ensures that all the processes conducted revolve around making life better for the people but not increase their suffering.
Besides, the scope of the care is quite broad. It ranges from the short-terms aimed at reducing the impact of the diseases and the targeted measures that the team are using to alleviate and minimize the patients’ mental pain. Usually, psychiatrists ensure the mental well-being of the mentally ill patients, as well as their overall welfare to ensure that they receive ultimate happiness. In most cases, the psychiatric activities are not aimed at establishing the corrective measure but to ensure the control of the current illness (Deodhar, 2016). Thus, the psychiatrists are responsible for the stabilizing their current life without interfering with the disease progression in the long-term.
Benefits of Psychiatry in Palliative Care
According to the previous research, about a fifth to a third of the total population of people receiving palliative care also suffer from mental illnesses (Dunlop et al., 2013). This comprises of between four and seven million people who have the Schizophrenia; a mental disease that is capable of making one to develop impaired life (Miyamoto et al., 2015). In such a scenario where people tend to have a disrupted social life, they need the help of the psychiatrist who can convince them to accept medical assistance.
In addition, they also act in place of other professionals by helping maintain all the various domains in palliative care that are essential (Trachsel et al., 2016). For instance, they enhance a good relationship between the family, patients, and the professional by ensuring that happiness around the patients are as per their wish or that of the family. For example, showing respect for one’s culture by allowing them to practice their traditions and rituals. Also, respecting the spiritual beliefs of the person by ensuring that they get all the spiritual support they need. Although it does not postpone death, happiness enhances longer life.