During protein synthesis, the proper amino acid is put in the proper place according to the genetic message by: A. transcription B. an anticodon hydrogen bonding with a codon C. RNA polymerase D. a nonsense codon E. bet you thought I was going to say “Sven” of Wonder Llama fame 12. _____ The sequence of _________________ in a DNA molecule ultimately determines the order of amino acids in proteins.
A. deoxyribose molecules B. purine and pyrimidine bases C. phosphates D. anticodons E. plasmids 6 13. _____ Addition and deletion mutations usually result in: A. one wrong amino acid in protein B. what happens when the dental technician X-rays your teeth after always leaving the room and giving you flimsy excuses for doing so like “I have to go put my socks in the dryer” or “I think my Wonder Llama just threw up a hairball” C. a reading frame shift D. one wrong codon in the DNA E. substitution of one base in the DNA 14. _____A tRNA with an ACC anticodon will hydrogen bond with a ______ mRNA codon. (Use your codon sheet, Fig. 8 in the transcription section; Fig. 2 in the translation section.) A. TGG B. UGG C. ACC D. UCC E. stop 15. _____ A tRNA with an ACC anticodon will insert the amino acid ________ during translation.
(Use your codon sheet, Fig. 8 in the transcription section; Fig. 2 in the translation section.) A. Cys B. Ser C. Trp D. Arg E. Svn DISCUSSION 1. Briefly DESCRIBE THE FUNCTION of the following in terms of bacterial protein synthesis: (2 points each) A. mRNA B. codon C. tRNA D. anticodon E. nonsense codon 7 2. As a result of a substitution mutation, a DNA base triplet 3’ ATA 5’ is charged to 3’ ATT 5’. State specifically what effect this would have on the resulting protein. (Use your codon sheet, Fig. 8 in the transcription section; Fig. 2 in the translation section.) (4 points) 3. Describe 2 different mechanisms of mutation and, in terms of protein synthesis, describe the 4 possible results that may occur as a result of these mechanisms. (7 points) 4.
DESCRIBE how the order of nucleotide bases along a gene in the DNA ultimately determines the threedimensional shape and function of the protein coded for by that gene. (5 points) 5. Describe R-plasmid conjugation and its significance to medical microbiology. (3 points) 6. Compare transformation and transduction in bacteria. (2 points)