Psychology is a challenging topic that people have different views of its study. Many people have comprehended psychology relating it to different behaviors and cognitive processes of a person. As it was required, I collected definitions of five people as below; the first person defined psychology as “science aimed at understanding the structure and functioning of mental activity and associated behaviors” (Aiken Haley, 28, female, graduate in psychology). She continued to define general psychology as a “study of major cognitive functions: memory, reasoning, learning, emotion, and action.”
Jorge Melton, male, 25, student in undergraduate business class vied psychology as “the study of behavior and mind, embracing all aspects of human experience. It is an academic discipline and an applied science which seeks to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.” Akasha Vashisth, a software engineer, male of 34 years age, also defined psychology as “an academic and applied discipline that involves the scientific study of mental functions and behaviors. It is all about how your brain works and what impact does it has on your body function. Even the simplest movement in our body is because of the brain (Science of Psychology, n.d). Psychology is a piece of art that allows us to understand what is going inside the brain. Anyone’s personality is because of what goes on inside their brain. Every decision one makes because of the brain. And by psychology, we can understand how this decision making happens.”
According to Neeraj Upadhyay, a senior engineer male of 30 years, “psychology is the scientific research of conduct, experience, and mental function. Behavior includes all of the humans’ outward or overt actions and reactions, such as talking, facial voicing, and movement. Mental processes refer to all the internal, secret actions of our brains, such as thinking, feeling, and remembering.” Another respondent explained psychology as “the study of the mechanism of human behavior sometimes to control it to sustain the normal algorithm of a person.” (Sagnik Chatterjee, a male, enrolled in a psychology degree class of 24 years).
Their understanding of psychology is mostly reliant on the behaviors and the state of mind of a person. They viewed every aspect of the functioning of a human being controlled by the brain colliding with the American Psychological Association’s definition of psychology as the study of the mind and behaviors of a person. This has included the conscious and subconscious actions of a brain, thoughts, and one’s feelings. According to them, the professional practitioners were called a psychologist, and they attempt to gain an understanding of the role of mental processes in a person and their social behavior while also they explore the biological and psychological processes underlying in the cognitive functions and actions.
In science, psychology is defined as the science of behavior and the cognitive process of an individual. This definition of psychology entails broad aspects that are utilized in the research of one psychological state of mind. All the descriptions are focused on understanding the dynamics of human behavior and thought processes, although the scientific bases on a large field of scientific research and development of understanding. The scientific knowledge is based on both the human emotions and thoughts as opposed to the mind concerned definitions by the people interviewed.
Most people have different beliefs about psychology, and my respondents explained psychology as more of mental state activities controlling behaviors putting them under the scope of common sense. They perceive it as a straightforward study, although it entails more extensive areas of science to research. Their definitions mostly had no scientific approaches as they tend to exclude psychology as a science field of study.
Science of Psychology. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.apa.org/action/science/