1. Puberty is controlled by a complex feedback loop involving ____.
a. the thalamus, hypothalamus, and reticular formation b. the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, gonads, and hormones c. the frontal lobe, the hypothalamus, the amygdala, and the brainstem d. the cerebral cortex, the gonads, the cerebellum, and the angular gyrus
2. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs):
a. always has visible symptoms
b. are rarely problematic over long run for the one who caught one
c. can always be treated with antibiotics.
d. are contracted by millions of young adults in the United States every year
3. American adolescents are growing taller than their parents.
4. College development in college is:
a. only a result of being exposed to the right materials. b. less involved than the development that occurs for people who do not go to college. c. fostered by being exposed to others with different views from oneself. d. a matter of changing from relativistic to dualist thinking.
5. In which area are adolescents most likely to be influenced by their peers, as opposed to their parents?
a. career goals
b. moral principles
c. educational plans
6. More than _____ students between the ages of 18 and 24 are accidentally injured each year while under the influence, are assaulted by other students who have been drinking, or are raped by college men who have been drinking.
c. fifty thousand
d. one million
7. Girls are fertile immediately after their first menstrual period.
8. Jealousy can lessen feelings of affection and heighten feelings of insecurity and depression, leading to a breakup.
9. Reciprocity in relationships:
a. is unimportant for determining longevity of relationships.
b. involves a two-way giving of admiration and compliments
c. shows weakness in a couple’s relationship.
d. occurs when one partner is comfortable being a “giver” and the other is comfortable being a receiver.”
10. Sleep disorders in late adulthood:
a. are less common than in early adulthood.
b. may signal physical or psychological problems.
c. cannot be treated with medication.
d. protect older adults from heart disease and strokes.
11. The fastest growing segment of the American population is aged:
a. 0-3 years
c. 25-30 years
d. 65 years and above
12. How does reaction time change as people get older?
a. it increases with age.
b. it becomes a component of crystallized intelligence
c. it is significantly longer during middle adulthood than early adulthood.
d. becomes a component of applied intelligence
13. In the fantasy stage of Super’s career development theory:
one’s final career is most often chosen.
interest and values are considered as most critical reasons for a match with career choice.
glamour of the career has little to do with its being chosen.
one’s abilities and chosen career often do not match.
14. American culture tends to deny the existence of death. Which of the following is an example of how it does that, according to Kübler-Ross (1969)?
a. People tend to use the word “died” instead of more comfortable terms to refer to a person who has died.
b. How the dead bodies are prepared for viewings.
c. Children are usually encouraged to attend funerals and family events surrounding a death.
d. Medicine encourages physicians to accept death as a part of their job, and to view it with acceptance rather than resistance.
15. Chronologically, middle age occurs:
a. later today than in the past
b. between 30 and 65
c. after one gets married
d. between 30 and 50
16. During early adulthood:
memory begins to decline rapidly.
memory improves while verbal skills decline.
verbal skills and general knowledge typically improve, while memory may decline gradually.
all cognitive skills decline.
17. Employers should:
a. avoid hiring middle-aged workers b. understand that middle-aged workers know more and have verbal skills as good as younger adults. c. are more limited in their ultimate potential in a career. d. recognizes that middle-aged workers will have more need for missed work days than younger-adults.
18. Girls who mature early have higher self- esteem than those who mature late.
19. Whole brain death:
a. occurs when the cerebral cortex has no EEG reading.
b. may involve lower brain activity, but no cortical activity.
c. involves an absence of breathing and circulation without life-support machinery.
d. is the definition most frequently used in legal cases where a person’s status is in question
20. Research on personality characteristics in middle adulthood found that:
a. those who were generative were emotionally unstable b. those who were stagnated were more conscientious c. there is a relationship between those who were stagnated and neuroticism, but the exact nature of that relationship is unclear d. those who were generative were less extroverted that those who were not
21. Theories of development during middle adulthood:
a. debate whether or not middle adulthood is a distinct event.
b. all include the concept of a midlife crisis.
c. agree that middle adulthood begins at age 35.
d. all suggest that one’s age is the primary determinant of when middle adulthood begins
22. Psychological characteristics that are risk factors for heart disease include:
high serum cholesterol.
23. Which person first referred to adolescence as a time of “storm and stress”?
a. Sigmund Freud
b. G. Stanley Hall
c. Erik Erikson
d. Jean Piaget
24. All aspects of cognitive skills generally decline in late adulthood.
25. In later adulthood, people have the most difficulty remembering key life events from their teens and early adulthood.
26. Ego integrity is the sense that people feel better about themselves because they are better than other people.
27. Disengagement theory says that when older adults disengage from society and society disengages from them, they will be dissatisfied with life.
28. Middle-aged workers:
a. are less satisfied than they were as young adults.
b. have more expertise and realistic career goals, which may be linked to higher job satisfaction.
c. are less realistic about their careers than they were when they were younger.
d. are less happy since they realize they have not attained their lifelong dreams
29. Levinson and colleagues’ theory called “seasons of life”:
a. indicated that men had more social constraints affecting them.
b. have virtually identical timing for men and women.
c. may be less applicable to today’s women than previously
d. found that people in their later 30s and early 40s were often looking to make significant changes in their lives, including new jobs, families and homes.
30. Which of the following is true regarding physical development during middle adulthood?
a. it is at its peak
b. it declines gradually for most people who exercise and eat well
c. accident rates are at their peak
d. physical decline occurs rapidly regardless of exercise and diet
31. Which of the following is not one of the stressful events that those in middle adulthood are more likely to encounter?
a. The death of a parent
c. Divorce or marital separation
d. The beginning of their first career-oriented job
32. All middle-aged adults experience the same level of cognitive changes.
a. affects few older adults; it is primarily a problem experienced during early adulthood
b. is unrelated to mortality rates
c. is a result of severe calcium loss from bones
d. a disorder that only affects women
34. An intrinsic motive for working is:
a. to earn money
b. for insurance
c. to ensure future security
d. to fill days with meaningful activity
35. According to Erikson, the primary task for adolescents is to develop:
b. ego identity
36. Kübler-Ross’s (1969) stages of death include all of the following except:
37. At what age do most homosexual persons “come out” to others?
38. Older adults may be screened and treated less for cancer than younger adults in part because of elder bias.
39. Untreated depression in older adults:
a. is okay, since it rarely works to treat their depression.
b. is not recommended since it is important that older adults work through their sadness.
c. may lead to suicide, particularly in older men.
d. will probably lead to chronic physical illnesses, including Alzheimer’s disease
40. _____ refers to the fact that people’s intellectual abilities are not absolutely fixed but can be modified under certain conditions at almost any time in life.
a. plasticity b. Interindividual identity c. Multidirectionality d. Interindividual variability