Section 10501—Permits faculty at public health schools that offer PA education programs to obtain faculty loan repayment under the workforce diversity program. Also makes other improvements to the NHSC program, such as a provision to increase the loan repayment amount, allowing half-time service and permitting teaching to count for as much as 20% of the service commitment to the NHSC. Pilot and Incentive Payment Program Provisions: In addition to policies aimed at increasing the number of nurses, policy makers also sought to more closely integrate nursing into new payment pilot programs that would offer incentives to primary and chronic care managements as well as provide alternatives to the current fee-forservice programs. Payment revisions are as follows: Section 2703 State option to provide health homes for enrollees with chronic conditions— Creates a state option under Medicaid to provide coordinated care through a “health home” for individuals afflicted with chronic conditions. States could receive 90 percent of the funding needed to support Medicaid enrollees who designate a provider or team of medical professionals as their health home through Federal Medical Assistance Percentages (FMAP).
Section 3022 Medicare shared savings program—Establishes a shared savings program under which a group of providers and suppliers may form a legally structured Accountable Care Organization (ACO) to manage and coordinate care for Medicare fee for service beneficiaries. Section 3024 Independence at home demonstration program—Creates the Independence at Home demonstration program for chronically ill Medicare beneficiaries in order to test a payment incentive and service delivery system that would utilize physician and nurse practitioner directed, home-based primary care teams with the aim of reducing expenditures and improving health outcomes. Section 3501 Health care delivery system research; Quality improvement technical assistance—Establishes a Center for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety within the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). This center will support the identification of best practices for quality improvement in the delivery of health care services by identifying healthcare providers that employ best practices and finding ways to translate these practices rapidly and effectively into practice elsewhere.
The Center will establish a Quality Improvement Network Research Program to support research on healthcare delivery system improvement. The Director of AHRQ, under this section, will also be directed to award technical assistance grants to struggling healthcare providers to aid in the implementation and adoption of best practices identified by the Center. Section 3502 Establishing community health teams to support the patient- centered medical home—Authorizes HHS to establish a grant program for states/state designated entities to establish community-based interdisciplinary, interprofessional teams to support primary care practices within a certain area. Health teams must support patient-centered medical homes, defined as a mode of care that includes personal physicians, whole person orientation, coordinated and integrated care and evidence-informed medicine.
Section 5208 Nurse-managed health clinics—Authorizes $50 million in grants for the cost of operation of Nurse-Managed Health Clinics (NHMC) that provide comprehensive primary care or wellness services without regard to income or insurance status of patients. NHMCs must provide care to underserved or vulnerable populations and be associated with an academic department of nursing, qualified health center or independent nonprofit health or social services agency. Also establishes a new program to support nurse-managed health centers, authorizes to be appropriated $50 million for FY 2010 and such sums as may be necessary for FY 2011-2014. Section 6301 Patient-Centered Outcomes Research—Establishes non-profit Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute. Purpose of Institute will be to assist patients, physicians, purchasers and policy-makers in making informed health decisions. Facility Specific Provisions Finally, PPACA makes facility specific changes including provisions directly impacting hospice and palliative care facilities, those provision follow: Sections 6101-6121—
Require Medicare Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNFs) and Medicaid nursing facilities to disclose information on their ownership and organizational structure to government authorities. Mandates that such facilities implement compliance and ethics program within 3 years of enactment. Section 6103 directs the Nursing Home Compare Medicare Website to release staffing data for each facility, including resident census data, hours of care provided per resident per day, staffing turnover and tenure. Section 6105 directs the Secretary to create a standardized complaint form and requires states to establish a complaint resolution process, as well as providing whistleblower protection. Both provisions are effective within 1 year of enactment. Section 3004 Quality reporting for long-term care hospitals, inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, and hospice programs—Requires quality reporting programs for long‐term care hospitals, inpatient rehabilitation facilities, and hospice providers in 2014.
HHS must issue regulations by October 1, 2012 that will list the specific quality reporting measures that must be reported. Providers who do not participate in the program would be subject to a reduction in their annual market basket update. Section 10325 Revision To Skilled Nursing Facility Prospective Payment System—Delays implementation of certain skilled nursing facility Version 4 of the Resource Utilization Groups (RUG-IV) published in the Federal Register on August 11, 2009 payment system changes by one year to October 1, 2011. Section 10326 Pilot Testing Pay-for-Performance Programs for Certain Medicare Providers—Directs HHS to conduct a separate pilot program under Medicare to test the implementation of a value-based purchasing program for payments under such title for the following provider groups: Psychiatric hospitals, Long-term care hospitals, Rehabilitation hospitals, PPS-exempt cancer hospitals and Hospice programs.