A puff of air in the eye naturally causes an eye blink response. The puff of air is the _____ and the eye blink is the _____
conditioned response; unconditioned stimulus.
unconditioned stimulus; conditioned response.
unconditioned response; conditioned response.
unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response.
Question 21 pts
In the case of the dogs Pavlov observed, the _____ was the unconditioned response and the _____ was the conditioned response.
Question 31 pts
After a conditioned response has been extinguished and a period of time has passed, _____ may occur in response to the original conditioned stimulus; however, it will be in _____ form.
higher-order conditioning; stronger
spontaneous recovery; weaker
Question 41 pts
In the “Little Albert” study, the fear-producing stimulus used as an unconditioned stimulus was the _____.
fear of the rat
fear of the noise
Question 51 pts
Rescorla’s modern concept of classical conditioning is based on the idea that _____
the CS substitutes for the US.
there is a biological readiness for conditioning to occur between the CS and US.
the CS has to provide information about the coming of the US.
reinforcement must occur by providing a pleasant event.
Question 61 pts
Bui wants to condition his lab rat to fear drinking orange-flavored water. He pairs a mild shock with the drinking of flavored water. He wants the rat to associate the unconditioned stimulus, the shock, with drinking the water. How could he be most successful?
Raise the shock to as strong as he can.
Choose a different neutral/conditioned stimulus.
Use a mouse instead of a rat.
Color the water a disgusting color, too.
Question 71 pts
The notion that behaviors with desirable outcomes will likely be repeated is part of _____
the law of effect.
Question 81 pts
Billy taught two rats how to play basketball for his experimental psychology class. What process did he likely use?
Question 91 pts
Negative reinforcement will _____ a behavior.
Question 101 pts
When the number of responses is important to the schedule of reinforcement, that schedule is called a(n) _____ schedule.
Question 111 pts
A framework for studying memory that uses the computer as a model of human cognitive processes defines the _____
sociocultural theory of memory.
Question 121 pts
_____ holds information brought in through our senses but only for a very brief amount of time.
Question 131 pts
Short-term memory usually codes information according to _____
Question 141 pts
The event that occurs when short-term memory is filled to capacity, and each new, incoming item pushes out an existing item, which is then forgotten, is called _____
Question 151 pts
There is no known limit to our _____
Question 161 pts
Yvette just took a history exam that consisted of three essay questions. By giving essay questions, Yvette’s professor measured her _____
Question 171 pts
Adam studies his psychology material using note cards. He writes questions on the front of the card and the answers on the back of the card. After he has a stack of note cards completed, he studies them one by one, over and over again. Based on memory research, which of the following statements should NOT be made to Adam to help him maximize his studying?
“Adam, your memory for the last few cards will be better than for the middle group of cards.”
“Hey, Adam, don’t be surprised that you have a better memory for the first few cards.”
“Adam, make sure to shuffle your cards after a while.”
Question 181 pts
In memory, _____ is an account of an event that has been pieced together from a few highlights.
the serial position effect
a flashbulb memory
the context effect
Question 191 pts
Nicole feels she will not forget the emotions she felt upon hearing of the attacks on America on September 11th. She remembers very vividly what she was doing, who she was with, what was said, and what emotions she experienced. Nicole has a _____ for that tragic event.
Question 201 pts
Maggie memorized the speech she wrote for her business presentation. Because she was confident that she knew it, she went to bed knowing she would remember the speech just as well the next day when she was scheduled to give it. Based on memory research, what advice would you give Maggie?
Go over the speech again tomorrow anyway.
Stay up tonight so you don’t forget it in your sleep.
You will probably remember every word for a week.
Drink a pot of coffee now, and have a cup before class.