How to write a rhetorical précis:
The word précis is French for “precise” or “exact.” A rhetorical précis is a highly structured summary designed to explain the rhetorical structure and purpose of an argument.
The short version of a précis has five elements:
 Bibliographic citation (either MLA or APA style)—we’ll use MLA  A sentence with a rhetorically active verb that both puts the article into some context—the type of journal or book in which it appears—and describes what the writer is doing with the text (“suggests that,” “argues that,” “implies that,” “urges that,” “claims that,” etc.)  An explanation of how the writer develops, structures, and supports the argument. This is usually done by comparing and contrasting, illustrating, defining, or putting the article into context  An explanation of the writer’s purpose, followed by an “in order to” clause, which explains the intended effect on the audience  A description of the intended audience
Note that the précis form is not evaluative, but analytic—i.e. your readers don’t care if you liked it or not or agree with it or not—rather, we want your analysis of the text: what’s the argument, how does the writer make the argument, why is she making it, and for whom is she making it?
Here’s a sample précis—you don’t need to add [bracketed numbers] in yours; I do it here so you can see the “map” of the précis:
 Kitwana, Bakari. “Walking the Tight Rope: The Art and Reality of Tupac Shakur.” Tough Love: The Life and Death of Tupac Shakur. Ed. Michael Datcher and Kwame Alexander. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Publishing Group, 1996: 31-33.
 In this essay, part of a collection designed to reflect on and celebrate Tupac Shakur’s life and career, Kitwana argues that Shakur and his music are misunderstood by many of his fans and critics.  Kitwana reviews some of Shakur’s musical releases, showing how they were both a part of, and a response to, changes in the rap-music industry in the 1980’s and 1990’s.  Because Shakur was a controversial artist, Kitwana puts rap music in its cultural and economic contexts in order to make distinctions between entertainment and the realities of black culture.  Tough Love contains critical commentary, poetry, and personal responses to Shakur’s life and career, and is aimed toward an academic audience of music and cultural critics.
Reflection on the précis: these are very difficult to write. In the article on Tupac Shakur, the writer was making a very subtle and complex argument, which is hard to summarize in one sentence or so. For example, the section on describing the writer’s purpose  could’ve written many different ways. The writer could’ve chosen to emphasize his argument that we can’t understand Shakur’s music unless we understand the inequities and injustices that many cultures experience in a global economy. Or the writer could’ve written that Kitwana was being critical of the rap-music industry, in which he participates as the political editor of The Source: The Magazine of Hip-Hop Music, Culture, and Politics and the author of The Rap on Gangsta Rap: Who Run It? Gangsta Rap and Visions of Black Violence.