1. Manager selects 22 random sales trainees who then randomly divided into 2 goups, one receives A and the other B training. Sales perople are then assigned to work under supervisors without regard to the training they have received. At the year’s end, the manager reviews the performance of the sales people in these groups and finds the following results
A Trained group B trained group
Avg weekly sales $1,500 $1,300
Standard Deviation $225 $251
The manager wants to establish that type A training results in higher mean weekly salews than does type B training based on the above findings.
Answer following questions designed to help manager test his hypothesis. Show all relevant steps. Assume populations of sales people getting A and B training are approximately normally distributed.
Instructions: since alpha is not provided in the problem please use the following guidelines to make final conclusion based on p-value .
If p-value for testing Ho is less than
0.10 We have some evidence that H0is false
0.05 We have strong evidence that H0 is false
0.01 We have very strong evidence that Ho is false
0.001 We have extrememly strong evidence that H0 is false
2. What is the p-value for this problem
3. Based on p value in above what is the final conclusion? Explain clearly what it conveys with regard to the problem studied
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For a minimum of five reading comprehension teaching strategies, develop a graphic organizer for each strategy that would support student learning.
1. Each graphic organizer will support the comprehension strategy being used.
2. Design the graphic organizers around a specific story and strategy.
3. Include a summary of one to two paragraphs for each graphic organizer, explaining how you would use this in a comprehension lesson.
4. Include your rationale: Specify the potential benefits of using each graphic organizer and how it will support assessment of knowledge.
ACT350 Portfolio Project
Using these 2007 annual reports for The Coca-Cola Company and PepsiCo, Inc., answer the following questions. Write these up in a Word document, clearly identifying your response to each lettered item. Show supporting calculations for the items lettered c, f, h, l, m, o, p, r, s and u.
a. What are the primary lines of business of these two companies as shown in their notes to the financial statements?
b. Which company has the dominant position in beverage sales?
c. Which company has the greater percentage increase in total assets from 2006 to 2007?
d. Which company had more depreciation and amortization expense for 2007? Provide a rationale as to why there is a difference in these amounts between the two companies.
e. What type of income format(s) is used by these two companies? Identify any differences in income statement format between these two companies.
f. What are the gross profits, operating profits, and net incomes for these two companies over the three-year period 2005-2007? Which company has had better financial results over this period of time?
g. What format(s) did these companies use to present their balance sheets?
h. How much working capital did each of these companies have at the end of 2007? Speculate as to their rationale for the amount of working capital they maintain.
i. What is the most significant difference in the asset structure of the two companies? What causes this difference?
j. What were the two companies’ trends in net cash provided by operating activities over the period 2005 to 2007?
k. What were the cash and cash equivalents reported by Coca-Cola and PepsiCo at the end of 2007? What does each company classify as cash equivalents?
l. What were the accounts receivable (net) for Coca-Cola and PepsiCo at the end of 2007? Which company reports the greater allowance for doubtful accounts receivable (amount and percentage of gross receivable) at the end of 2007?
m. What is the amount of inventory reported by Coca-Cola at December 31, 2007, and by PepsiCo at December 29, 2007? What percent of total assets is invested in inventory by each company?
n. What inventory costing methods are used by Coca-Cola and PepsiCo? How does each company value its inventories?
o. Compute and compare the inventory turnover ratios and days to sell inventory for Coca-Cola and PepsiCo for 2007. Indicate why there might be a significant difference between the two companies.
p. What amount is reported in the balance sheets as property, plant, and equipment (net) of Coca-Cola at December 31, 2007, and of PepsiCo at December 29, 2007? What percentage of total assets is invested in property, plant, and equipment by each company?
q. What depreciation methods are used by Coca-Cola and PepsiCo for property, plant, and equipment? How much depreciation was reported by Coca-Cola and PepsiCo in 2007, 2006, and 2005?
r. Compute and compare the following ratios for Coca-Cola and PepsiCo for 2007: Asset turnover, Profit margin on sales, and Rate of return on assets.
s. What amounts for intangible assets were reported in their respective balance sheets by Coca-Cola and PepsiCo? What percentage of total assets is each of these reported amounts?
t. On what basis and over what periods of time did Coca-Cola and PepsiCo amortize their intangible assets?
u. What were Coca-Cola’s and PepsiCo’s net revenues (sales) for the year 2007? Which company increased its revenues more (dollars and percentage) from 2006 to 2007?
v. Are the revenue recognition policies of Coca-Cola and PepsiCo similar? Explain.
1. Innate and adaptive immune responses are said to be co-dependent and cooperative branches of immunity. Briefly describe two distinct cellular/molecular examples that clearly represent this co-dependency and cooperation.
2. Describe five principle categories of antibody effector functions. For each category, explain the roles of antibody Fab and Fc domains and cellular Fc receptors.
3. Monoclonal antibody technology was first developed in the 1970’s and was accompanied by hopes that they would serve as “magic bullets”.
a) What was meant by this concept of “magic bullet”?
b) Why didn’t it work right away and how was this problem overcome?
c. Explain the key differences between chimeric, humanized, and fully humanized antibodies; and briefly explain the process by which each type is created.
4. Two vaccines are described in a. and b. below. For each, predict whether the vaccine would activate a cytotoxic T cell response or just a T helper and B cell response. Explain your answers by describing what you have learned about antigen processing and presentation. Be sure to include key steps and molecules involved in each processing pathway.
a. A UV- inactivated (“killed”) viral preparation that has retained its antigenic properties, but cannot invade or replicate in host cells.
b. An attenuated active (“live”) viral preparation that has low virulence but can still invade and replicate in host cells.
5. You have been working hard in an immunology research group to create “knock-out” mice with homozygous deletions in the following genes: 1) Rag 1 & Rag 2 (double mutant); and 2) CD8. Somehow, your mutant strains have been mixed up and now you must perform tests to determine which strain is which. For each of the two mutant strains listed, briefly describe:
i. The function of the normal gene.
ii. The expected mutant phenotype. (Be specific. Explain the cellular/physiological phenotype, and NOT simply that the mouse is sick.)
Horizontal Analysis with the following information
I. Choice of Companies and an Overview of Their Operations and Industry – Briefly outline what each company does and its industry. (5 points)
II. Discussion of Current Issues Impacting Financial Statements – Include any relevant current event information, news that has affected financial statements, or world events that could impact the businesses. Research will have to be done on this. Some good sources of information include the most recent annual reports for each company (these can be found online for all publicly-traded companies; utilize the most current year-end annual reports available), Yahoo! Finance, the MSN Money website (this will provide current information on your company and some ratio information), and various business magazines. You can find the websites suggested under the Webliography tab in the course. (5 points)
III. Relevant Ratios and Discussion – List what ratios you think are relevant to your companies and industry. Go to the Excel spreadsheet in Doc Sharing, review the ratios listed under the ratio tab, and pick what you think may be relevant. In one to two paragraphs, briefly discuss ten ratios you think may be important, and include ratios from the different categories. The ratios will be automatically calculated on the spreadsheet (please see section IV regarding this). (10 points)
IV. Excel Spreadsheet FinSAS.xls – Manually input the financial data for your company under the input tab on the spreadsheet. You should insert numbers highlighted only in blue. These numbers should be found in the company’s most recent year-end annual reports (utilize the most year-end numbers; the spreadsheet has it starting at 2008, but change the year to 2009 and go five years historically from there to 2005), which can be obtained online under your company choice. Complete a separate spreadsheet for each company. Write that you completed the input for the spreadsheet for both companies and that the spreadsheet works. To check this, once you input the data in the input tab only, check the other tabs (ratio, vertical analysis) to ensure that you see the automated calculations. (20 points)
2. Vertical Analysis with the following information
I. Identification of Significant Asset Items, Liability Items, and Comments on Revenue and Profitability – List specific issues that you think affect these items. For example, economic factors, new product launches, and recent news developments can affect the items. Information can be obtained from annual report write-ups, financial notes, and the Internet. Briefly comment on how they affect financial numbers such as sales, profitability, costs, revenue, and so forth. (10 points)
II. Relevant Ratios and Discussion of Your Findings of Vertical Analysis – Discuss briefly your vertical analysis findings, which are calculated automatically on the spreadsheet under the vertical analysis tab. Then, identify any key ratios that you think impact vertical analysis. (10 points)
III. Excel Spreadsheet FinSAS.xlsx, Calculations of Vertical Ratio Analysis – This is a separate tab under the project spreadsheet and will calculate automatically, based on what you inserted in the input tab during Week 2. Ensure that it has calculated, and provide a brief analysis of your findings. The spreadsheet does not need to be submitted this week; just state that the spreadsheet is calculating correctly for each company. (20 points)
3. Final Ratio Analysis with the following information
I. Explaining Business Objectives and the Effect of the Objectives on the Ratios – Briefly highlight if the ratios meet the criteria of the business objectives. These objectives can be found in the annual reports under CEO comments and business summaries. (10 points)
II. Identification of the Three Most Important Ratios for Your Companies and Support – Include why you think these ratios are the most important; what do they indicate about the financial health of each company? All ratios should be automatically calculated based on your input sheet from Week 2. (10 points)
III. Computation of Relevant Ratios and Comparison to Industry Data – Verify that all ratios have been automatically calculated on the spreadsheet. On a separate document, list the ratios in comparison to the industry. Industry ratios can be found on various financial websites. The list should be in a table format, showing Company A, Company B, and then the industry ratio. (20 points)
a. Bibliography b. Other back material, as needed: detailed tables, extended quotations from which shorter quotes are taken, and so forth.
General Expectations from this assignment