The socio-psychological theory asserts that domestic violence can be understood by thoroughly and keenly looking at the surrounding reasons that exercise an influence on the character of an individual perpetrator. It asserts that domestic violence maybe as a result of family relation designs, and stressful circumstances one undergoes (E, 2005). When an individual does attaint his/her goal, he becomes unfulfilled and at times a frustrated person tends to rich out to others to try and address their issues. Such reach out in many occasions may not be polite but insulative in nature hence resulting to violence.
Socio-psychological theory assert that domestic violence may be as a result of deviation of the actual truth on a matter to what he/she thinks that should be the truth. On many occasions perversions of issues often lead to interpersonal institutional structural violence as an individual will have a formed opinion on a given matter. The socio-psychological theory further asserts that in a family or a community with an individual with low self-esteem may be prone to violence since they will always tend to use violence to thump their dominance, control, and power in the family and the society as a whole, thereby causes illegitimate violence (Bachman, 1992). Domestic violence that often results from low self-esteem always targets persons who are weak, defenseless, and has no danger of fighting back.
The cycle theory of violence and the psycho-social theory of learned helpless
Lenore walker a scholar that first examined cycle theory of violence and the psycho-social theory of learned helpless assert that domestic violence occurs gradually and in stages like the tension mounting stage that is also characterized by the accumulation of sense of danger, a small but lethal violent stage and reconstruction stage, where the warring parties come together and address their grievances (Bachman, 1992). Lenore walker further asserts that the tension builds up stage may last for a longer or shorter time; it is often characterized by serious insults and strong language that if not controlled properly may instantly lead to violence. The small but lethal violence in the second phase becomes unpreventable without an immediate mediator, as at this point there is ungoverned tension that has accumulated in both individuals. The cycle theory of violence and the psycho-social theory of learned helpless assert that the victims of domestic violence would submit to the notion that the development of some adoption techniques would aid in regulating violence like submitting to the dominant partner they can escape battering (Bachman, 1992). Lenore walker states that a majority of domestic violence victims often operate from the basis of helplessness that helps explains their inactiveness and their submission to the violent situation they are in. Even though Lenore walker assertions have been constantly challenged by many scholars on the grounds of victims’ sufferings economically, psychologically, and emotionally as a result of the abuses they go through but the same domestic violent pattern witnessed in some scenarios validates the theory.