Survival of the Violence State
Central is the home of violence; they hold the greatest number of murders per 100000
members of their population. Historically, these countries have been of an absolute
misunderstanding on a wide range of successive things. Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras
all underwent transitions from authoritarian regimes and have become equally violent, of all the
countries Nicaragua from the traditional dictatorship regime, is the only country with
significantly lower levels of crime rate because they have transformed to state better security
institutions, their state institution work better. Their political condition is better than the others.
The homicide rates of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras amongst 100000 of their
population is averaged between 40 to 78 people, which is highest in Honduras (Cruz, 2011).
Costa Rica and Nicaragua record lower rates of 10 to 14 people. Honduras is the only country
with four times a greater number of street gang membership then the following country at 500
members per 100000 people in their population.
Transformations of institutions of security within the Central America region is one of
the guaranteed cures to the violent acts in the countries. Extensive construction of the rule of law
enforcement institution, a transparent electoral process. States should strive to eliminate internal
wars and bring peace to reduce acts of violence and crimes in their nations. The military rule to
the civilian regime is what mostly changed the crime and violence to higher levels in parts of
Central America (Cruz, 2011). The transitions in Central America have never made a difference
to the crime rates, making them questionable. Reforms of the security institutions have been
unprogressive in Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. It’s only in Nicaragua that the
institutions have yielded improved levels of public security as an outcome of their different
Cruz, J. M. (December 01, 2011). Criminal Violence and Democratization in Central America:
The Survival of the Violent State. Latin American Politics and Society, 53, 4, 1-33.