The APA Publication Manual
The APA Publication Manual is an essential reference guide for all students and practitioners in the social and behavioral sciences. The purpose of this Discussion is to assist you in becoming familiar with and applying key parts of the manual. For this Discussion, you will play the role of an editor who must provide feedback to the writer, identifying and correcting flaws in the writer’s use of citations, quotes, and references. How would you make the writer’s work reflect the language of the profession?
To prepare for this Discussion:
With these thoughts in mind:
Complete the following steps by Day 3:
Step 1: Select one paragraph from the Social Change excerpt to edit. This document is found in the Learning Resources.
Step 2: Referring to Chapter 6 of the APA Publication Manual, revise the paragraph in correct APA format, rewriting the citations, quotations, and references as necessary. Use the references listed for your paragraph number as your citation sources.
Step 3: For this Discussion, the references for each paragraph are listed in the Social Change excerpt. These references are not in correct APA format. Using the information from Chapter 7 of the APA Publication Manual, put the references for your paragraph in correct APA format.
Step 4: Post your edited paragraph and references to the Discussion 1 board.
Ten Common APA Points
From the Walden Writing Center (http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu/17.htm)
Use a 12-point serif font for all text, including what appears on your cover page and reference list. Walden prefers Times New Roman. Minimum 8-point type can be used in tables and figures.
Double space all text, including the reference list and block quotes. Per APA, use two spaces after a sentence; however, Walden will accept the use of one space after a period.
3. Margins, Page Numbers, and Running Head
All margins should be set to 1” on each side of the paper. Page numbers go in the upper right corner. The running head goes in the upper left corner and is in all capital letters. The words “Running head:” appear only on the cover page.
4. Boldface and Underlines
Do not use underlines. APA does not allow boldface except in tables and figures (in rare instances where you would want to highlight specific data) and for Level 1, 2, 3, and 4 headings.
APA requires the use of the serial (or Oxford) comma in lists of three or more items
(e.g., Groucho, Harpo, and Zeppo).
Most prefixes are not hyphenated: semistructured, nondenominational, multimedia, antisocial, posttest, pretest, and so forth.
Do not capitalize job titles unless immediately preceding a person’s name: the superintendent, but Superintendent Williams; the vice president of the school board,but Vice President Agnew. Additionally, do not capitalize the names of theories, models, conditions, or diseases.
7. Lists (Seriation)
Seriation refers to how to list information. Within a paragraph, list items that must appear in a certain order using (a), (b), and (c).
If you do not need to imply a particular order, then remove the letters and/or use bullet points. Use vertical lists when expressing information that must appear in a certain order (e.g., steps in a procedure or itemized conclusions).
8. Numbers and Percentages
Numbers 10 and higher appear as numerals; nine and lower are written out. There are exceptions: precise elements of time, age, distance, ratios, and percentages always appear as numerals unless at the start of a sentence.
9. Latin Abbreviations
Do not use Latin abbreviations (like e.g., i.e., and etc.) within the text of the sentence; APA only allows these types of abbreviations within parentheses. In the text of the sentence, write out the abbreviation’s English translation.
10. Use Respectful, Bias-Free Language
The APA manual outlines important information concerning avoiding bias with respect to gender, race, disabilities, and so forth. When discussing different racial groups, make sure that your terms are parallel. When possible, avoid the generic
pronouns he and she, or he/she by using they.