(LC) Read the following passage and answer the question that follows. Romans preferred communal meals. They ate with their right hands, and they did not use many utensils. The Romans almost always dined while reclining on special couches designed for the purpose. Which is an example of proper MLA citation of a direct quotation from this passage?
Romans preferred to eat with “their right hands” and recline on “special couches.” (Phin, 429) Romans used only “their right hands,” (Phin) few utensils, and reclined on couches while they ate (429). Romans were very particular about their “special couches” and used only the right hand to dine (429). Romans were very particular in their dining habits. They reclined on “special couches” (Phin 429).
(MC) Read the following passage and answer the question that follows.
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson Part 1
1. Mr. Utterson the lawyer was a man of a rugged countenance, that was never lighted by a smile; cold, scanty and embarrassed in discourse; backward in sentiment; lean, long, dusty, dreary, and yet somehow lovable. At friendly meetings, and when the wine was to his taste, something eminently human beaconed from his eye; something indeed which never found its way into his talk, but which spoke not only in these silent symbols of the after-dinner face, but more often and loudly in the acts of his life. He was austere with himself; drank gin when he was alone, to mortify a taste for vintages; and though he enjoyed the theatre, had not crossed the doors of one for twenty years. But he had an approved tolerance for others; sometimes wondering, almost with envy, at the high pressure of spirits involved in their misdeeds; and in any extremity inclined to help rather than to reprove.
2. “I incline to, Cain’s heresy*,” he used to say. “I let my brother go to the devil in his quaintly ‘own way.'” In this character, it was frequently his fortune to be the last reputable acquaintance and the last good influence in the lives of down-going men. And to such as these, so long as they came about his chambers, he never marked a shade of change in his demeanour.
3. No doubt the feat was easy to Mr. Utterson; for he was undemonstrative at the best, and even his friendship seemed to be founded in a similar catholicity of good-nature. It is the mark of a modest man to accept his friendly circle ready-made from the hands of opportunity; and that was the lawyer’s way. His friends were those of his own blood or those whom he had known the longest; his affections, like ivy, were the growth of time, they implied no aptness in the object. Hence, no doubt, the bond that united him to Mr. Richard Enfield, his distant kinsman, the well-known man about town. It was a nut to crack for many, what these two could see in each other, or what subject they could find in common. It was reported by those who encountered them in their Sunday walks, that they said nothing, looked singularly dull, and would hail with obvious relief the appearance of a friend. For all that, the two men put the greatest store by these excursions, counted them the chief jewel of each week, and not only set aside occasions of pleasure, but even resisted the calls of business, that they might enjoy them uninterrupted.
*The biblical story of Cain and Abel is a story about two brothers who gave offerings to God. Abel’s offering was accepted by God, but Cain’s was not. Jealous, Cain killed his brother. When God asked Cain where Abel was, Cain said, “Am I my brother’s keeper?” By saying this, Cain implied that what his brother did was his own business. (Genesis 4:1-16)
The author uses the phrase “chief jewel” to do which of the following?
Demonstrate the wealth these men have Contrast the two different characters Provide a vivid image of jealousy Establish the importance of the walks
(LC) Read the following passage and answer the question that follows. Tom Stoppard’s play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, draws on two previous theatrical works: Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead follows the “off-stage” exploits of two minor characters from Hamlet, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. While the two main characters in Stoppard’s play occasionally make brief appearances in “Hamlet,” as scripted in Shakespeare’s original tragedy, the majority of the play takes place in other parts of the castle where Hamlet is set. While “off stage” in this way, the characters resemble the main characters in the absurdist Waiting for Godot. As in Beckett’s play, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern pass the time by impersonating other characters, engaging in word play, and remaining silent for long periods of time. These same two characters were also featured in a parody of Hamlet, the short comic play by W. S. Gilbert entitled Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Gilbert’s play makes Rosencrantz and Guildenstern into central characters and alters the storyline of Hamlet. The author of this passage is describing
intellectual arguments about Shakespeare’s characters misunderstood representations of Shakespeare’s characters problematic depictions of Shakespeare’s characters theatrical adaptations of Shakespeare’s characters
(MC) Read the following passage and answer the question that follows.
Preface to Buddhism and Buddhists in China
A missionary no less than a professional student of Buddhism needs to approach that religion with a real appreciation of what it aims to do for its people and does do. No one can come into contact with the best that Buddhism offers without being impressed by its serenity, assurance and power. Professor Hodous has written this volume on Buddhism in China out of the ripe experience and continuing studies of sixteen years of missionary service in Foochow, the chief city of Fukien Province, China, one of the important centers of Buddhism. His local studies were supplemented by the results of broader research and study in northern China. No other available writer on the subject has gone so far as he in reproducing the actual thinking of a trained Buddhist mind in regard to the fundamentals of religion. At the same time he has taken pains to exhibit and to interpret the religious life of the peasant as affected by Buddhism. He has sought to be absolutely fair to Buddhism, but still to express his own conviction that the best that is in Buddhism is given far more adequate expression in Christianity. The purpose of each volume in this series is impressionistic rather than definitely educational.
They are not textbooks for the formal study of Buddhism, but introductions to its study. They aim to kindle interest and to direct the activity of the awakened student along sound lines. For further study each volume amply provides through directions and literature in the appendices. It seeks to help the student to discriminate, to think in terms of a devotee of Buddhism when he compares that religion with Christianity. It assumes, however, that Christianity is the broader and deeper revelation of God and the world of today. Buddhism in China undoubtedly includes among its adherents many high-minded, devout, and earnest souls who live an idealistic life. Christianity ought to make a strong appeal to such minds, taking from them none of the joy or assurance or devotion which they possess, but promoting a deeper, better balanced interpretation of the active world, a nobler conception of God, a stronger sense of sinfulness and need, and a truer idea of the full meaning of incarnation and revelation. Which phrase best describes the tone of this passage?
Enthusiastic but skeptical Matter-of-fact but impressed Neutral but concerned Supportive but doubtful
(MC) Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.